Cannabidiol has a potent anti-arthritic effect in collagen-induced arthritis through its combined immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory actions, it has a pharmacological profile similar to that of atypical antipsychotic drugs. Cannabidiol exerts a combination of neuroprotective, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic effects against beta-amyloid peptide toxicity, and that inhibition of caspase 3 appearance from its inactive precursor, pro-caspase 3, by cannabidiol is involved in the signalling pathway for this neuroprotection. Cannabidiol may have great therapeutic potential in the treatment of diabetic complications, and perhaps other cardiovascular disorders, by attenuating oxidative/ nitrative stress, inflammation, cell death and fibrosis.
Sinensetin is a polymethoxylated flavonoids in citrus fruit, as a novel antiangiogenesis agent, has potential for anti-carcinogenesis, antitumor, and cardiovascular protective activities. Sinensetin has antioxidative effect and has anti-inflammatory by regulating the protein level of inhibitorκB-α, it enhances adipogenesis and lipolysis by increasing cAMP levels in adipocytes.
Ligustrazine hydrochloride has antithrombotic effect, has certain protection effect on the vascular endothelium undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and can inhibit the activation of humai platelet following severe brain injury , improve t'ie balance, of TXA2 - PGI2 within the circulatory blood. It can exert down-regulate effects on Colon26 secretion of immunosuppressors and its tumor immunosuppression.
Parthenolide exhibits anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-Leishmania, and antimigraine effects, it inhibits nociception and neurogenic vasodilatation in the trigeminovascular system by targeting the TRPA1 channel.Parthenolide is also an inhibitor of the nuclear factor-kappaB pathway, can ameliorate cardiovascular derangement and outcome in endotoxic shock in rodents.
1. Ophiopogonin D plays a protective role as an effective antioxidant in H2O2-induced endothelial injury, it can be therefore developed as a novel drug for the therapy of cardiovascular disorders.
2. Ophiopogonin D can attenuate doxorubicin-induced autophagic cell death by relieving mitochondrial damage in vitro and in vivo.
3. Ophiopogonin D and spicatoside A can increase mucin production and secretion, by directly acting on airway epithelial cells, they could be as expectorants in diverse inflammatory pulmonary diseases.
4. Ophiopogonin D inhibits MCF-7 cell growth via the induction of cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase.