|Phytother Res. 2008 Jul;22(7):957-62. |
|Antiinflammatory activities of flavonoids and a triterpene caffeate isolated from Bauhinia variegata.[Pubmed: 18384188]|
|In the continuing search for novel antiinflammatory agents, six flavonoids, namely kaempferol (1), Ombuin (2), kaempferol 7,4'-dimethyl ether 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4), isorhamnetin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5) and hesperidin (6), together with one triterpene caffeate, 3beta-trans-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyloxy)olean-12-en-28-oic acid (7) were isolated from the non-woody aerial parts of Bauhinia variegata. |
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Compounds 1-7 were evaluated as inhibitors of some macrophage functions involved in the inflammatory process. These seven compounds significantly and dose dependently inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon (IFN)-gamma induced nitric oxide (NO), and cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-12]. The concentration causing a 50% inhibition (IC50) of NO, TNF-alpha and IL-12 production by compounds 1, 2 and 7 was approximately 30, 50 and 10 microM, respectively, while at 50, 200 and 40 microM compounds 3, 4, and 5, 6 showed 15-30% inhibition, respectively. On the other hand, compounds 3 and 7 showed no inhibitory effect, while compounds 1, 4-6 reduced by around 10-30% the synthesis of NO by macrophages, when inducible NO synthase was already expressed with LPS/IFN-gamma for 24 h.
These experimental findings lend pharmacological support to the suggested folkloric uses of the plant B. variegata in the management of inflammatory conditions.
|Planta Med. 1998 Jun;64(5):464-6. |
|Licochalcone A: an inducer of cell differentiation and cytotoxic agent from Pogostemon cablin.[Pubmed: 9690352]|
|Licochalcone A (1), Ombuin (2), and 5,7-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyflavanone (3) were isolated from the aerial parts of Pogostemon cablin by cytotoxicity-guided fractionation. |
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Compound 1 showed in vitro cytotoxicity and Pl-PLC gamma 1 inhibition activity. Treatment of promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) with compound 1 induced terminal differentiation with the generation of monocyte using nonspecific acid esterase assay.