1. Fupenzic acid shows a significant decrease in intracellular melanin content in B16-F10 cells, and in culture media melanin.
Saikosaponin B2 as an efficient inhibitor of early HCV entry, including neutralization of virus particles, preventing viral attachment, and inhibiting viral entry/fusion. It (5 microM) induces differentiation of B16 melanoma cells, with potentiation of expressions of melanogenesis and tyrosinase.
|CFN99458||Ergosterol peroxide glucoside
Ergosterol peroxide exhibits anti-cancer, amoebicidal, anticomplementary, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-oxdiant, and anti-melanogenic activities. Ergosterol peroxide could as an anti-atherosclerosis agent, it exhibits hACAT-1 and Lp-PLA2 inhibitory effects, with inhibitory values of 51.6 +/- 0.9 and 51.7 +/- 1.2%, at a treatment concentration of 0.23 mM. Ergosterol peroxide has osteoclastogenesis inhibitory effect, it shows an inhibitory effect in a dose-dependent manner and an inhibition rate of up to 62% with low cytotoxicity, even at a concentration as low as 1.0 microg/mL.
Arbutin is a tyrosinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.09 mM, which has gastroprotective, whitening, anti- age, anti-oxidant , anti-inflammatory, a depigmenting effects and UVB/ UVC filter. Arbutin has mutagenicity in mammalian cells after activation by human intestinal bacteria.
Mulberroside A, the major active anti-tyrosinase compound in the root bark extract of Morus alba L. (Moraceae), is widely employed as an active ingredient in whitening cosmetics. Mulberroside A has neuroprotective, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, uricosuric, nephroprotective, hypoglycemic, and antidiabetic effects.It also can protect mice against ethanol-induced hepatic damage.