1. Scoparinol has sedative action.
2. Scoparinol has anti-inflammatory activity.
3. Scoparinol has significant analgesic activity.
4. Scoparinol has significant diuretic action.
Betaine hydrochloride is a natural compound found in many foods and also an active methyl-donor which can maintain normal DNA methylation patterns, which has anti-hypoxic, hepatoprotective, sedative, antipyretic and analgesic effects. Betaine hydrochloride can increase the secreting of thyroxine (T3) and insulin and regulate the metabolism of organism by the hormones, thus it prompts fish growth and also improves intestine figuration.
Tetrahydropalmatine, a plant alkaloid used as an ingredient in dietary supplement products, is a potent and selective D1 receptor antagonist. Tetrahydropalmatine shows a promyogenic effect by upregulation of p38MAPK, Akt resulting in enhanced MyoD activation, it can effectively protect endothelial cells against γ-irradiation injury. Tetrahydropalmatine has a potential as a therapeutic candidate to prevent fibrosis and improve muscle regeneration and repair and applied to the prevention of endothelial cell dysfunctions associated with ionizing irradiation-induced lung injury.
Neferine, a autophagy inducer, which has anti-amnesic, sedative, anti-anxiety, antidepressant, cardioprotective, anti- pulmonary fibrosis,anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities. It inhibited ChEs, BACE1, NF-kappaB, PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, Neferine has effects similar to rosiglitazone in decreasing fasting blood glucose, insulin, TG, TNF-alpha and enhancing insulin sensitivity in insulin resistant rats.
Linalool, is a competitive antagonist of NMDA receptors, which has anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, anti-anxiety, local anaesthetic, anti-leishmanicidal, and insecticidal properties. Linalool has dose-dependent marked sedative effects at the central nervous system (CNS), including hypnotic, anticonvulsant and hypothermic properties, it also has an inhibitory effect on the acetylcholine (ACh) release and on the channel open time in the mouse neuromuscular junction. The purified linalool fraction is only inhibitory for C. albicans.