|CFN99153||Glycyrrhizic acid ammonium salt
Glycyrrhizic acid ammonium salt has wound healing activity.
Sweroside possesses wound healing, cytoprotective, skin-whitening , anti-osteoporotic , and hepatoprotective effect. It can inhibit potent melanogenesis in melan-a cells at 300uM without cytotoxicity, also decreases tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) and TRP-2 protein production in melan a cells. It also shows insulin-mimicking effects on the regulation of Pck1 expression.
(+)-Taxifolin is an inhibitor of aggregation of the 42-residue amyloid β-protein, it has preventive effects against Alzheimer's disease-like pathogenesis in vivo. It is also a weak inhibitor of cytochrome b5 reduction (IC50=9.8μM).
Swertiamarin possesses anti-hyperglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-diabetic activity and enhances β cell regeneration which causes reversal of diabetes. Swertiamarin also possesses significant wound healing, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, peripheral and central antinociceptive properties. Swertiamarin inhibits the development of arthritis by modulating NF-κB/IκB and JAK2/STAT3 signaling, it acts as an anti-rheumatic agent.
Shikonin is a natural red naphthoquinone pigment, has antimicrobial, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory effects; a purified shikonin preparation is widely used for the production of medicinals, cosmetics, and some food products; shikonin also enters into the antiinflammatory ointment and cream compositions used for the treatment of burns. It can suppress the cell viability, adhesion, invasion and migratory ability of MGC-803 cells through TLR2- or NF-κB-mediated pathway.