|Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2013 May;38(10):1581-4. |
|Development of a rapid screening method for discovering neuroprotective components from traditional Chinese medicine.[Pubmed: 23947142]|
|This study developed a method for rapid screening neuroprotective compounds with FDA (fluorescein diacetate) labeled SH-SYSY cells, which was injuried by Glu (L-glutamic acid).
METHODS AND RESULTS:
The cell viability was determined by fluorescence automatic mi-croscopy screening system. Then, neuroprotective components from Gegen Qinlian decoction were screened by the proposed method. The results demonstrated that 4 chemical components, C15, D06, D07 and E05 from Gegen Qinlian decoction, showed significantly neuroprotective effects. Furthermore, 8 compounds (i. e. daidzin, 3'-Methoxydaidzin, liquiritin apioside, 6-C-L-alpha-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranosyl chrysin, isoliquiritin apioside, baicalin, oroxylin-A-7-O-fP-D-glucuronide and wogonoside) were identified from these active components by LC-Q/TOF-MS technology (liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight tandem mass spectrometry).
These 8 compounds may be the potential neuroprotective substances in Gegen Qinlian decoction.
|Planta Med. 1998 Oct;64(7):620-7. |
|Identification of isoflavones in the roots of Pueraria lobata.[Pubmed: 17253303 ]|
METHODS AND RESULTS:
The isoflavones of the roots of Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi (Puerariae Radix) were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to photodiode array (PDA) and to mass spectroscopy (MS) using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) or electrospray ionization (ESI) in combination with collision-activated decomposition (CAD) (HPLC-APCI-CAD-MS or ESI-CAD-MS) for identification of glycosides and HPLC-APCI-CAD-MS for identification of aglycones. The major glycosides are derived from daidzein ( 9) and most are 8- C-glycosides. 3'-Hydroxypuerarin-4'- O-deoxyhexoside ( 2B) and 3'-methoxy-6''- O- D-xylosylpuerarin ( 6) were identified as new constituents. MS data were obtained for puerarin-4'- O- D-glucoside ( 1), 3'-hydroxypuerarin ( 2A), puerarin ( 3), 3'-methoxypuerarin ( 4), 6''- O- D-xylosylpuerarin ( 5), daidzin ( 7) and 3'-Methoxydaidzin ( 8), which were previously characterized by NMR analysis. Isoflavones identified in Puerariae Radix comprise 3'-methoxydaidzein ( 10), genistein ( 12), daidzein-7- O-methyl ether ( 13A), 3'-methoxydaidzein-7- O-methyl ether or 3'-methoxyformononetin ( 13B) and biochanin A ( 15), while previous characterization of daidzein ( 9) and formononetin ( 14) was substantiated by MS data.
The structure of compound 11 could not be established by MS techniques.
The estrogenic activity was mainly located in the aglycone fraction.