|Phytochemistry. 2015 Jul 15;117:424-435. |
|Chemical constituents derived from Artocarpus xanthocarpus as inhibitors of melanin biosynthesis.[Pubmed: 26188915]|
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Twenty-four compounds, including the previously unknown artoxanthocarpuone A, artoxanthocarpuone B, hydroxylakoochin A, methoxylakoochin A, epoxylakoochin A, and artoxanthol, were isolated and characterized spectroscopically. Among them, artoxanthol is stilbene oligomer presumably constructed in a 5,11,12-triphenyl hexahydrochrysene scaffold by a Diels-Alder type of reaction, for which a biosynthetic pathway is proposed. Artoxanthol, Alboctalol, steppogenin, norartocarpetin, resveratrol, oxyresveratrol, and chlorophorin potently inhibited mushroom tyrosinase activity with IC50 values from 0.9 to 5.7μM that were all far stronger than the positive controls. Artoxanthocarpuone A, artoxanthocarpuone B, methoxylakoochin A, lakoochin A, cudraflavone C, artonin A, resveratrol, and chlorophorin reduced tyrosinase activity and inhibited α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-induced melanin production in B16F10 melanoma cells without affecting cell proliferation.
Collectively, the results suggest that the constituents of Artocarpus xanthocarpus have potential to be used as depigmentation agents.
|Z Naturforsch C. 2008 Jan-Feb;63(1-2):35-9. |
|Phenolic constituents from the wood of Morus australis with cytotoxic activity.[Pubmed: 18386485]|
METHODS AND RESULTS:
A new methylated flavonol, 5,7,2',4'-tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone (1), had been isolated from the methanol extract of the wood of Morus australis, along with nine known compounds, kuwanon C (2), morusin (3), morachalcone A (4), oxyresveratrol (5), 4'-(2-methyl-2-buten-4-yl)oxyresveratrol (6), moracins M (7) and C (8), Alboctalol (9), and macrourin B (10). The structures of these compounds were determined based on spectral evidence, including UV, IR, NMR, and mass spectra. Cytotoxic properties of compounds 1-10 were evaluated against murine leukemia P-388 cells.
The prenylated stilbene 6 and 2-arylbenzofuran 8, and morusin (3) were found to have strong cytotoxic effects with IC50 values of 6.9, 8.7, and 10.1 microM, respectively.