|Source:||The herbs of Chrysanthemum indicum|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside,as well as other phytochemicals recognized as potent antioxidants and free radical scavengers, may act as modulators of gene regulation and signal transduction pathways.
(1) It is able to protect human endothelial cells against alterations induced by TNF-α, including the activation of NF-κB;
(2) Increased gene expression of adhesion molecules, leukocyte adhesion to endothelium, intracellular accumulation of H2O2 and lipid peroxidation byproducts.
|Solvent:||Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.2253 mL||11.1264 mL||22.2529 mL||44.5058 mL||55.6322 mL|
|5 mM||0.4451 mL||2.2253 mL||4.4506 mL||8.9012 mL||11.1264 mL|
|10 mM||0.2225 mL||1.1126 mL||2.2253 mL||4.4506 mL||5.5632 mL|
|50 mM||0.0445 mL||0.2225 mL||0.4451 mL||0.8901 mL||1.1126 mL|
|100 mM||0.0223 mL||0.1113 mL||0.2225 mL||0.4451 mL||0.5563 mL|
Analytical Letters Volume 39, Issue 14, 2006
|Reversed‐Phase High‐Performance Liquid Chromatography with Electrochemical Detection of Anthocyanins[Reference: WebLink]|
|The results show that six different anthocyanins: Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside chloride (kuromanin chloride), cyanidin‐3,5‐di‐O‐glucoside chloride (cyanin chloride), malvidin‐3‐O‐glucoside chloride (oenin chloride), malvidin‐3,5‐di‐O‐glucoside chloride (malvin chloride), delphinidin‐3‐O‐glucoside chloride (myrtillin chloride), and peonidine‐3‐O‐glucoside chloride, all with antioxidant properties, can be separated in a single run by direct injection of solution.|
BMC Genomics August 2014, 15:706.
|Genome-wide transcriptome analysis of genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis between red and white strains of Magnolia sprengeri pamp[Reference: WebLink]|
|High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of anthocyanin compositions showed that the main anthocyanin in the petals of M. sprengeri is Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside chloride and its content in red petals was 26-fold higher than that in white petals.|
Electroanalysis Volume 19, Issue 17, pages 1779–1786, September 2007
|Redox Behavior of Anthocyanins Present in Vitis vinifera L.[Reference: WebLink]|
|Voltammetric techniques were employed to study the electrochemical behavior of several anthocyanins. The redox behavior of anthocyanins with the same basic structure, the influence of glycosylation on the redox behavior of anthocyanins derived from different anthocyanidins, and the influence of methoxylation were investigated. The anthocyanins used in this study were malvidin-3-O-glucoside chloride, malvidin-3,5-di-O-glucoside chloride, Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside chloride, cyanidin-3,5-di-O-glucoside chloride, peonidin-3-O-glucoside chloride, delphinidin-3-O-glucoside chloride and the anthocyanidin petunidin chloride, all of them present in Vitis vinifera L. All hydroxyl groups of the anthocyanins can be electrochemically oxidized and the anthocyanins studied revealed a complex and pH dependent oxidation process, with the occurrence of adsorption and of oxidation products blocking the electrode surface.|