|Source:||The herbs of Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim.|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. Lysionotin has eliminating phlegm , expectorant, softening effects.
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.9043 mL||14.5214 mL||29.0428 mL||58.0855 mL||72.6069 mL|
|5 mM||0.5809 mL||2.9043 mL||5.8086 mL||11.6171 mL||14.5214 mL|
|10 mM||0.2904 mL||1.4521 mL||2.9043 mL||5.8086 mL||7.2607 mL|
|50 mM||0.0581 mL||0.2904 mL||0.5809 mL||1.1617 mL||1.4521 mL|
|100 mM||0.029 mL||0.1452 mL||0.2904 mL||0.5809 mL||0.7261 mL|
Mol Biol Rep. 2014 Mar;41(3):1693-702.
|Detection of interaction between lysionotin and bovine serum albumin using spectroscopic techniques combined with molecular modeling.[Pubmed: 24398555]|
|A combination of fluorescence, UV-Vis absorption, circular dichroism (CD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and molecular modeling approaches were employed to determine the interaction between Lysionotin and bovine serum albumin (BSA) at physiological pH. The fluorescence titration suggested that the fluorescence quenching of BSA by Lysionotin was a static procedure. The binding constant at 298 K was in the order of 10(5) L mol(-1), indicating that a high affinity existed between Lysionotin and BSA. The thermodynamic parameters obtained at different temperatures (292, 298, 304 and 310 K) showed that the binding process was primarily driven by hydrogen bond and van der Waals forces, as the values of the enthalpy change (ΔH°) and entropy change (ΔS°) were found to be -40.81 ± 0.08 kJ mol(-1) and -35.93 ± 0.27 J mol(-1) K(-1), respectively. The surface hydrophobicity of BSA increased upon interaction with Lysionotin. The site markers competitive experiments revealed that the binding site of Lysionotin was in the sub-domain IIA (site I) of BSA. Furthermore, the molecular docking results corroborated the binding site and clarified the specific binding mode. The results of UV-Vis absorption, CD and FT-IR spectra demonstrated that the secondary structure of BSA was altered in the presence of Lysionotin.|
J Chromatogr Sci. 2014 Nov 3.
|Simultaneous Determination of Seven Components from Hawthorn Leaves Flavonoids in Rat Plasma by LC-MS/MS.[Pubmed: 25368407]|
|In this study, a simple, sensitive, and throughout liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of seven flavonoid compounds, namely, rutin, vitexin-4″-O-glucoside, vitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, hyperoside, vitexin, shanyenoside A and quercetin in rat plasma after intravenous administration of hawthorn leaves flavonoids (HLF) using Lysionotin as an internal standard (IS). The target compounds were extracted using protein precipitation by methanol. The detection was achieved by LC-MS/MS in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The optimal mass transition ion pairs (m/z) for quantitation were 609.3/300.1 for rutin, 593.1/413.2 for vitexin-4″-O-glucoside, 577.3/413.2 for vitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, 463.2/300.1 for hyperoside, 431.2/311.2 for vitexin, 407.2/245.1 for shanyenoside A, 301.1/151.1 for quercetin and 343.2/313.1 for the IS, respectively. The method was fully validated with respect to specificity, sensitivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, recovery and stability experiments. A sufficiently sensitive and selective LC-MS/MS method was first developed in this study to simultaneously evaluate the pharmacokinetics of seven flavonoids in rat plasma following intravenous administration of HLF.|
Biomed Chromatogr. 2015 Feb;29(2):210-9.
|Simultaneous determination and pharmacokinetic study of three isoflavones from Trifolium pratense extract in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS.[Pubmed: 24898405]|
|A highly selective and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of three isoflavones - ononin, formononetin and biochanin A - in rat plasma using Lysionotin as internal standard (IS). The plasma samples were pretreated and extracted by liquid-liquid extraction. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on a C18 column with the column temperature of 30 °C and a mobile phase of methanol-0.1% formic acid (75:25, v/v). The detection was accomplished by multiple-reaction monitoring scanning with positive/negative ion-switching electrospray ionization mode. The optimized mass transition ion pairs (m/z) for quantitation were 431.3/269.1 for ononin, 267.1/252.2 for formononetin, 283.2/268.2 for biochanin A and 343.2/313.3 for IS. The total run time was 8.0 min. Full validation of the assay was implemented, including selectivity, sensitivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, recovery, matrix effect and stability. This is the first report on simultaneous determination of the three major isoflavones in rat plasma after intragastric administration of Trifolium pratense extract. The results provided a significant basis for the clinical application of this herb Trifolium pratense.|
Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2002 Jul;23(7):667-72.
|Structure-activity relationship of natural flavonoids in hydroxyl radical-scavenging effects.[Pubmed: 12100765]|
|AIM: To study the relationship between the structure and hydroxyl radical (*OH)-scavenging activity of twelve natural flavonoids. METHODS: The hydroxyl radical-generating chemiluminescence system with ascorbate-CuSO4-yeast-H2O2 was used to determine the hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity of twelve natural flavonoids. RESULTS: Guercetin, heliosin, hyperoside, kaempferol, baicalin, corylifolin, Lysionotin, matteucinol, corylifolinin, and genistein could effectively scavenge. OH and inhibit the chemiluminescence of the system. The IC50 values (95 % confidence limits) of the flavonoids were 12.1 (9.9-14.5) g/L, 15.8(14.0-19.2) g/L, 19.5 (16.8-27.4) g/L, 20.1 (13.6-29.0) g/L, 34.6 (28.4-43.4) g/L, 66.8 (63.2-74.4) g/L, 187 (147-235) g/L, 211 (165-284) g/L, 262 (190-346) g/L, and 708 (498-994) g/L, respectively; whereas nobilelin and corylifolin-Ac could not scavenge *OH. CONCLUSION: (1) Phenolic hydroxyls in flavonoids were the main active groups capable of scavenging *OH; (2) Hydroxyl groups in ring B and A were important *OH-scavenging active groups; (3) The ortho-dihydroxyl groups in ring A and/or B could greatly enhance the *OH-scavenging activity of the rings; (4) Comparing the IC50 values of guercetin, heliosin, hyperoside, baicalin, Lysionotin, and matteucinol, it was suggested that the hydroxyl groups on 3',4' position of ring B possessed high *OH-scavenging activity and the scavenging activity of hydroxyl groups in ring B was higher than that of hydroxyl groups in ring A. The hydroxyl group or glucoside on 3 position of ring C of the above mentioned 6 flavonoids was also related to the. OH-scavenging ability. (5) The structural types of flavonoids themselves could influence their *OH-scavenging activity.|