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    Procyanidin B1
    Information
    CAS No. 20315-25-7 Price $168 / 10mg
    Catalog No.CFN99557Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight578.52Type of CompoundFlavonoids
    FormulaC30H26O12Physical DescriptionPowder
    Download Manual    COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Our products had been exported to the following research institutions and universities, And still growing.
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Procyanidin B1, a HCV RNA polymerase inhibitor, inhibits infection by vesicular stomatitis virus and HCV pseudotype virus in Huh-7 cells, with IC50 of 29μM and 15μM, respectively. Procyanidin B1 has neuroprotective effects, may attenuate the activation of caspase-3 by inhibiting that of caspase-8 and -9. It has anti-inflammatory effect on LPS-treated THP1 cells via interaction with the TLR4–MD-2 heterodimer and p38 MAPK and NF-κB signaling.
    Targets: Beta Amyloid | Caspase | HCV | TLR | TNF-α | NF-kB | p38MAPK
    In vitro:
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Jan 15;159:122-8.
    Protective effects of glycycoumarin and procyanidin B1, active components of traditional Japanese medicine yokukansan, on amyloid β oligomer-induced neuronal death.[Pubmed: 25446602]
    Yokukansan, a traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine, is composed of seven medicinal herbs, and has been traditionally used to treat neurosis, insomnia, and night crying and irritability in children. Yokukansan and its constituent herbs, Glycyrrhiza and Uncaria Hook, have recently been shown to have protective effects against amyloid β (Aβ) oligomer-induced apoptosis by suppressing the activation of caspase-3 in primary cultured neurons. The aim of the present study was to identify the effective components of Glycyrrhiza and Uncaria Hook against Aβ oligomer-induced neurotoxicity. We also attempted to clarify the mechanisms by which yokukansan and these herbs, as well as their components, suppressed the activation of caspase-3 in Aβ oligomer-treated neurons.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Rat primary cultured cortical neurons were treated with Aβ oligomer (3 μM). The protective effects of 16 components derived from Glycyrrhiza or Uncaria Hook against Aβ oligomer-induced neurotoxicity were determined using the MTT reduction assay 48 h after the treatment. The suppressive effects of the test substances, i.e., yokukansan, Glycyrrhiza, Uncaria Hook, and screened components, on the Aβ oligomer-induced activation of caspase-3(/7) were evaluated using the caspase-Glo assay 48 h after the Aβ oligomer treatment. The suppressive effects of the test substances on the activation of caspase-8 and -9, both of which are located upstream of caspase-3, were also examined 24h after the Aβ oligomer treatment. Two of the 16 components tested, glycycoumarin derived from Glycyrrhiza and Procyanidin B1 derived from Uncaria Hook, significantly inhibited Aβ oligomer-induced neuronal death in a dose-dependent manner. Glycyrrhiza, Uncaria Hook, and yokukansan significantly suppressed the Aβ oligomer-induced activation of caspase-3 as well as caspase-8 and -9. Glycycoumarin also suppressed the activation of caspase-3, but not caspase-8 and -9. Procyanidin B1 suppressed the activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Our results demonstrated that glycycoumarin and Procyanidin B1 had ameliorative effects on Aβ oligomer-induced neurotoxicity. The neuroprotective effects of glycycoumarin are thought to be due to the attenuated activation of caspase-3, but not caspase-8 or -9. Procyanidin B1, as well as yokukansan, Glycyrrhiza, and Uncaria Hook, may attenuate the activation of caspase-3 by inhibiting that of caspase-8 and -9.
    Antivir Chem Chemother. 2010 Aug 11;20(6):239-48.
    Procyanidin B1 purified from Cinnamomi cortex suppresses hepatitis C virus replication.[Pubmed: 20710064 ]
    A combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin is the current standard therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but this combination provides relatively low efficacy, especially in some patients with HCV genotype 1 infection; therefore, the development of novel therapeutic agents is required for further improvement in the treatment of chronic HCV infection.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    HCV pseudotype and subgenomic replicon assays were used in this study. The interaction of compounds with HCV receptors was examined using flow cytometry. Intracellular RNA levels were determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR. Procyanidin B1 (PB1), a dimer of (-)-epicatechin and (+)-catechin, purified from Cinnamomi cortex, inhibits infection by vesicular stomatitis virus and HCV pseudotype virus in Huh-7 cells, with 50% effective concentrations of 29 and 15 microM, respectively. No inhibitory effects were observed in each component of PB1. We found that PB1 does not interfere with viral entry or receptor expression, but inhibits HCV RNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These results indicate that PB1 suppresses HCV RNA synthesis, possibly as a HCV RNA polymerase inhibitor. Our results might contribute towards the development of more effective inhibitors for HCV infection from natural plants.
    In vivo:
    Eur J Pharmacol. 2012 Feb 29;677(1-3):147-53.
    Flavangenol (pine bark extract) and its major component procyanidin B1 enhance fatty acid oxidation in fat-loaded models.[Pubmed: 22227333]
    Flavangenol, one of several pine bark extract products, is expected to prevent metabolic diseases with its potent antioxidant effect, its anti-obesity effect and its improvement of insulin sensitivity.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    In this study, targeting the liver as one of the organs that plays an important role in energy metabolism, Flavangenol was investigated for its effect on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), its action mechanism and its active ingredients, using in vivo and in vitro experiment systems. Flavangenol suppressed intrahepatic fat accumulation in Western diet-loaded Tsumura Suzuki Obese Diabetes (TSOD) mice, which develop various metabolic diseases. In addition, Flavangenol significantly increased the mRNA expression levels of fatty acid oxidative enzymes (peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor α, acyl-CoA oxidase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase). In order to investigate the direct effect of Flavangenol on the liver, an in vitro fatty liver model prepared by adding a free fatty acid to human liver cancer cells (HepG2 cells) was used. In this model, Flavangenol significantly suppressed intracellular fat accumulation. Procyanidin B1, one of the major components of Flavangenol, also suppressed fat accumulation and induced mRNA expression of the fatty acid oxidative enzymes.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    As mentioned above, Flavangenol showed a significant suppressive effect in the NAFLD model, and it was suggested that the molecular mechanism is induction of fatty acid oxidation, with the effect mainly attributed to Procyanidin B1.
    Procyanidin B1 Description
    Source: The fruits of Vitis vinifera L.
    Solvent: DMSO, Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 1.7285 mL 8.6427 mL 17.2855 mL 34.571 mL 43.2137 mL
    5 mM 0.3457 mL 1.7285 mL 3.4571 mL 6.9142 mL 8.6427 mL
    10 mM 0.1729 mL 0.8643 mL 1.7285 mL 3.4571 mL 4.3214 mL
    50 mM 0.0346 mL 0.1729 mL 0.3457 mL 0.6914 mL 0.8643 mL
    100 mM 0.0173 mL 0.0864 mL 0.1729 mL 0.3457 mL 0.4321 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Protocol
    Structure Identification:
    Molecules. 2014 Feb 4;19(2):1775-85.
    Inhibitory activity of synthesized acetylated Procyanidin B1 analogs against HeLa S3 cells proliferation.[Pubmed: 24500007]
    Proanthocyanidins, also known as condensed tannins and/or oligomeric flavonoids, occur in many edible plants and have various interesting biological activities. Previously, we reported a synthetic method for the preparation of various procyanidins in pure form and described their biological activities.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Here, we describe the synthesis of Procyanidin B1 acetylated analogs and discuss their inhibition activities against HeLa S3 cell proliferation. Surprisingly, the lower-unit acetylated Procyanidin B1 strongly inhibited the proliferation of HeLa S3 cells. This molecule showed much stronger inhibitory activity than did epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), green tea polyphenol, and dimeric compounds that included EGCG as a unit.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    This result suggests that the phenolic hydroxyl groups of the upper-units in flavan-3-ols are important for their inhibitory activity against cancer cell proliferation and that a hydrophobic lower unit dimer enhances this activity.
    Mol Cell Biochem. 2015 Sep;407(1-2):89-95.
    Anti-inflammatory effect of procyanidin B1 on LPS-treated THP1 cells via interaction with the TLR4-MD-2 heterodimer and p38 MAPK and NF-κB signaling.[Pubmed: 26037075 ]
    Anti-inflammatory effects of Procyanidin B1 have been documented; however, the molecular mechanisms that are involved have not been fully elucidated.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Molecular docking models were applied to evaluate the binding capacity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Procyanidin B1 with the toll-like receptor (TLR)4/myeloid differentiation factor (MD)-2 complex. LPS-induced production of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in a human monocyte cell line (THP1) was measured by ELISA. mRNA expression of MD-2, TLR4, TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF)-6, and nuclear factor (NF)-κB was measured by real-time PCR with or without an 18-h co-treatment with Procyanidin B1. In addition, protein expression of phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and NF-κB was determined by Western blotting. Structural modeling studies identified Tyr296 in TLR4 and Ser120 in MD-2 as critical sites for hydrogen bonding with Procyanidin B1, similar to the sites occupied by LPS. The production of TNF-α was significantly decreased by Procyanidin B1 in LPS-treated THP1 cells (p < 0.05). Procyanidin B1 also significantly suppressed levels of phosphorylated p38 MAPK and NF-κB protein, as well as mRNA levels of MD-2, TRAF-6, and NF-κB (all p < 0.05).
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Procyanidin B1 can compete with LPS for binding to the TLR4-MD-2 heterodimer and suppress downstream activation of p38 MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways.