Astragaloside III has anti-gastric ulcer effects, and exhibits strong growth-promoting effects in cultured GES-1 cells. Astragaloside III can effectively reduce cancer cell survival in vitro and inhibit the tumor growth in vivo, the potential mechanism is the induction of cell apoptosis signaling pathways, suggests that it provides a new therapeutic tool to treat breast cancer.
Bisdemethoxycurcumin is a natural derivative of curcumin with antiulcer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities, it suppresses MCF-7 cells proliferation by inducing ROS accumulation and modulating senescence-related pathways. Bisdemethoxycurcumin induces apoptosis in activated HSCs, but not in hepatocytes, by impairing cellular energetics and causing a downregulation of cytoprotective proteins, likely through a mechanism that involves CBR2.
Coumarin is an anticoagulant and photoprotective drug; it also has antiulcerogenic activity, which may influence the secretion control mediated by the parasympathetic system. Coumarin is a potent inducer of aflatoxin B1-aldehyde reductase, has chemoprevention of aflatoxin B1 hepatocarcinogenesis.
Naringin exhibits antioxidant, anti-atherogenic, antiulcer, anti-hypocholesterolemic, anti-lipoperoxidative, and anti-hyperglycemia effects. Naringin reduces Ara-C-induced oxidative stress through both an inhibition of the generation of ROS production and an increase in antioxidant enzyme activities, it blocks apoptosis caused by Ara-C-induced oxidative stress, resulting in the inhibition of the cytotoxicity of Ara-C. Naringin attenuates epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced MUC5AC secretion in A549 cells by suppressing the cooperative activities of MAPKs-AP-1 and IKKs-IκB-NF-κB signaling pathways.
1. Marmin can inhibit contraction of the guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle, especially by interfering histamine receptor, inhibiting the histamine release from mast, inhibiting intracellular Ca2+ release from the intracellular store and the Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels.
2. Marmin, skimmianine, aegeline, aurapten, zeorin, and dustanin are potential to develop as antihistamine agents, especially as histamine H1 receptor antagonists by interacting with amino acid residues, Asp107, Lys179, Lys191, Asn198, and Trp428 of histamine H1 receptor.
3. S-trans-Marmin shows potent antibacterial, fungicidal, and algicidal properties.
4. Marmin shows a cell-growth inhibitory effect against L1210 and K562 in vitro.
5. Marmin and nobiletin have anti-ulcer effects, which are ascribed primarily to the maintenance of the mucosal barrier integrity and inhibition of gastric motor activity and secondarily due to the prevention of the effects of endogenous acetylcholine and histamine.