|Arch. Pharm. Res., 2012, 35(5):823-37. |
|Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of constituents isolated from Pueraria lobata roots.[Pubmed: 22644850 ]|
METHODS AND RESULTS:
In order to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of Pueraria lobata roots and its active components, in vitro inhibitory activities against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression, and tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in RAW 264.7 cells, as well as in vitro scavenging activities against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), nitric oxide (NO·), superoxide anion (·O(2)(-)) and total ROS, and inhibitory activities against ONOO(-)-mediated tyrosine nitration, were determined. Repeated column chromatography was performed to isolate four known compounds from the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant EtOAc fraction: daidzein; genistein; puerarin; (+)-puerarol B-2-O-glucopyranoside; four known compounds from the anti-inflammatory n-hexane fraction: lupenone; lupeol; puerarol; coumestrol; seven known compounds from the antioxidant n-BuOH fraction: allantoin; 3'-Hydroxy Puerarin; daidzein 8-C-apiosyl-(1→6)-glucoside; puerarin; genistin; 3'-methoxypuerarin; daidzin. Among these compounds, lupenone and lupeol reduced NO production, as well as iNOS and COX-2 protein levels in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, lupeol showed significant inhibitory activity against intracellular ROS generation by t-BHP. Meanwhile, 3'-Hydroxy Puerarin showed marked ONOO(-), NO·, total ROS scavenging activities, and weak ·O(2)(-) scavenging activity, while 3'-methoxypuerarin showed ONOO(-) scavenging activity and weak NO· and O(2)(-) scavenging activities, suggesting that existence of the 3'-hydroxyl group in puerarin plays an important role in the scavenging of ONOO(-), NO·, and total ROS, as well as inhibiting the ONOO(-)-mediated tyrosine nitration mechanism.
These results indicate that P. lobata roots and its constituents may be a useful therapeutic and preventive approach to various inflammatory diseases and oxidative stress-related disease.