|PLoS One. 2013 Oct 15;8(10):e77626. |
|A plant kavalactone desmethoxy yangonin prevents inflammation and fulminant hepatitis in mice.[Pubmed: 24143247]|
|An active compound of the plant rhizomes, Desmethoxy yangonin (DMY), was identified in this study for its novel effect against endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammation in murine macrophages and LPS/D-galactosamine (LPS/D-GalN)-induced fulminant hepatitis in mice. |
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Desmethoxy yangonin was observed to significantly inhibit proliferation and activation of T cells ex vivo and the activity of several pro-inflammatory mediators in vitro. Desmethoxy yangonin also protected LPS/D-GalN-induced acute hepatic damages in mice through inhibiting aminotransferases activities and infiltrations of inflammatory macrophages, neutrophils and pathogenic T cells into the liver tissues. In addition, pretreatment with Desmethoxy yangonin significantly improved the survival rate of LPS/D-GalN-treated mice to 90% (9/10), compared to LPS/D-GalN-treated group (40%, 4/10). UPLC/MS platform-based comparative metabolomics approach was used to explore the serum metabolic profile in fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) mice with or without the Desmethoxy yangonin pretreatment. The results showed that LPS/D-GalN-induced hepatic damage is likely through perturbing amino acid metabolism, which leads to decreased pyruvate formation via catalysis of aminotransferases, and Desmethoxy yangonin treatment can prevent to a certain degree of these alterations in metabolic network in mouse caused by LPS/D-GalN.
Mechanistic investigation demonstrated that Desmethoxy yangonin protects LPS or LPS/D-GalN-induced damages in cell or liver tissues mainly through de-regulating IKK/NFκB and Jak2/STAT3 signaling pathways.
|Planta Med., 2015, 81 - PB19 |
|Isolation and characterization of desmethoxyyangonin from Renealmia alpinia as a selective reversible inhibitor of human Monoamine Oxidase B.[Reference: WebLink]|
|Renealmia alpinia (Zingiberaceae), a medicinal plant of tropical rainforests, is used to treat snakebites, as a febrifuge, analgesic, antiemetic, antiulcer, and anticonvulsant. The dichloromethane extract of R. alpinia leaves showed potent inhibition of recombinant human MAO-A and -B. |
METHODS AND RESULTS:
Phytochemical studies yielded six known compounds including, pinostrobin, pinostrobin chalcone, sakuretin, sakuretin-4'-methyl, yashabushidiol, and Desmethoxy yangonin. Desmethoxy yangonin displayed strong inhibition of MAO-A and -B (Ki values 0.922 and 0.031μM, respectively), with about 30 fold more selectivity against MAO-B. The kinetic analysis of the inhibition and equilibrium dialysis dissociation assay of the enzyme-inhibitor complex showed reversible binding of
Desmethoxy yangonin with MAO-A and -B. Selective reversible inhibitors of MAO-B have important therapeutic value for treatment of neurodegenerative disorders and Parkinson's Disease.