|Description:||1. Kurarinol is a potent inhibitor of sortase A, with an IC50 value of 107.7 ± 6.6 μM.|
2. Kurarinol has extremely strong tyrosinase inhibitory activity, exerts varying degrees of inhibition on tyrosinase-dependent melanin biosynthesis, is a candidate as skin-whitening agents.
|Targets:||STAT | HBV | Tyrosinase|
|Source:||The root of Sophora flavescens|
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.1906 mL||10.9529 mL||21.9058 mL||43.8116 mL||54.7645 mL|
|5 mM||0.4381 mL||2.1906 mL||4.3812 mL||8.7623 mL||10.9529 mL|
|10 mM||0.2191 mL||1.0953 mL||2.1906 mL||4.3812 mL||5.4765 mL|
|50 mM||0.0438 mL||0.2191 mL||0.4381 mL||0.8762 mL||1.0953 mL|
|100 mM||0.0219 mL||0.1095 mL||0.2191 mL||0.4381 mL||0.5476 mL|
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2014 Dec 1;281(2):157-65.
|Kurarinol induces hepatocellular carcinoma cell apoptosis through suppressing cellular signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling.[Pubmed: 24997323]|
|Kurarinol is a flavonoid isolated from roots of the medical plant Sophora flavescens. However, its cytotoxic activity against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and toxic effects on mammalians remain largely unexplored. Here, the pro-apoptotic activities of Kurarinol on HCC cells and its toxic impacts on tumor-bearing mice were evaluated. The molecular mechanisms underlying Kurarinol-induced HCC cell apoptosis were also investigated. We found that Kurarinol dose-dependently provoked HepG2, Huh-7 and H22 HCC cell apoptosis. In addition, Kurarinol gave rise to a considerable decrease in the transcriptional activity of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in HCC cells. Suppression of STAT3 signaling is involved in Kurarinol-induced HCC cell apoptosis. In vivo studies showed that Kurarinol injection substantially induced transplanted H22 cell apoptosis with low toxic impacts on tumor-bearing mice. Similarly, the transcriptional activity of STAT3 in transplanted tumor tissues was significantly suppressed after Kurarinol treatment. Collectively, our current research demonstrated that Kurarinol has the capacity of inducing HCC cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo with undetectable toxic impacts on the host. Suppressing STAT3 signaling is implicated in Kurarinol-mediated HCC cell apoptosis.|
Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2012 Dec;26(6):446-9.
|Effect of kurarinol on peripheral blood CTL surface PD-1 expression of patients with chronic hepatitis B.[Pubmed: 23627026]|
|OBJECTIVE: To explore the anti-viral mechanism of Kurarinol through studying its influence on cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) surface program death receptor-1 (PD-1) expression of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: 69 cases of CHB, HBV DNA > or = 10(4) copies/ml, HBeAg positive, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 positive, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2 x upper limit of normal value(ULN).69 cases were randomly divided into two groups:34 cases in treatment group,600 mg of Kurarinol glucose injection was used for intravenous dripping, once a day, one month later, 200 mg of Kurarinol capsule was used orally,three times a day and 200 mg of silybin meglumine tablet was used orally, three times a day. CONCLUSION: Kurarinol can increase level of HBV specific CTL by down-regulating peripheral blood HBV specific CTL surface PD-1 expression of CHB patients, which may be one of the possible mechanisms that Kurarinol can remove or inhibit HBV of CHB patients.|
Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2012 Apr;26(2):108-10.
|Study on effects of kurarinol combined with glycyrrhizic acid on cellular immunity of patients with chronic hepatitis B.[Pubmed: 23002547]|
|OBJECTIVE: To explore effects of Kurarinol combined with Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate on specific cellular immunity of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: Sixty-three CHB patients were randomly divided into two groups, 32 cases in group of Kurarinol combined with Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate group (combined therapy group) were treated with 600 mg Kurarinol glucose injection intravenously, once a day for one month, then 200 mg Kurarinol capsule was used orally, three times a day for two months. 150 mg Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate for Injection was added to 250 ml 10% glucose injection for intravenous drip, once a day for one month, then 150 mg Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate capsule was used orally, three times a day for two months; 31 case in Kurarinol group (single drug group) only used Kurarinol, methods and dosage were the same as those of treatment group. CONCLUSION: Kurarinol combined with Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate can further increase HBV specific CTL, CD4+ and Th1 level of CHB patients.|
Biol Pharm Bull. 2008 Jan;31(1):154-8.
|Inhibitory effects of kurarinol, kuraridinol, and trifolirhizin from Sophora flavescens on tyrosinase and melanin synthesis.[Pubmed: 18175961 ]|
|The results of this study indicate that Kurarinol (1), kuraridinol (2), and trifolirhizin (3), from the ethyl acetate fraction of Sophora extract, can inhibit tyrosinase activity. Compared with kojic acid (16.22+/-1.71 microM), compounds 1-3 possessed potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity with IC(50) values of 8.60+/-0.51, 0.88+/-0.06, and 506.77+/-4.94 microM, respectively. These three compounds were further tested for their inhibitory effects on melanogenesis. In cultured B16 melanoma cells, 1-3 markedly inhibited (>50%) melanin synthesis at 50 microM. This is the first study indicating that 1-3 exert varying degrees of inhibition on tyrosinase-dependent melanin biosynthesis, and therefore, are candidates as skin-whitening agents.|
Phytomedicine. 2008 Aug;15(8):612-8. Epub 2007 Oct 24.
|Kurarinol, tyrosinase inhibitor isolated from the root of Sophora flavescens.[Pubmed: 17951038]|
|It is well known that flavanones, sophoraflavanone G 1, kurarinone 2, and Kurarinol 3, from the root of Sophora flavescens, have extremely strong tyrosinase inhibitory activity. This study delineates the principal pharmacological features of Kurarinol 3 that lead to inhibition of the oxidation of l-tyrosine to melanin by mushroom tyrosinase (IC(50) of 100 nM). The inhibition kinetics analyses unveil that compounds 1 and 2 are noncompetitive inhibitors. However similar analysis shows Kurarinol 3 to be a competitive inhibitor. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent antibacterial activity with 10 microg/disk against Gram-positive bacteria, whereas Kurarinol 3 did not ostend any antibacterial activity. Interestingly, Kurarinol 3 inhibits production of melanin in S. bikiniensis without affecting the growth of microorganism. It is thus distinctly different from the other tyrosinase inhibitors 1 and 2. In addition, Kurarinol 3 manifests relatively low cytotoxic activity (EC(50)>30 microM) compared to 1 and 2. To account for these observations, we conducted molecular modeling studies. These suggested that the lavandulyl group within Kurarinol is instrumental in the interaction with the enzyme. More specifically, the terminal hydroxy function within the lavandulyl group is most important for optimal binding.|