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    Paeoniflorin
    Information
    CAS No. 23180-57-6 Price $30 / 20mg
    Catalog No.CFN99544Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight480.45Type of CompoundMonoterpenoids
    FormulaC23H28O11Physical DescriptionWhite powder
    Download Manual    COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Paeoniflorin, a novel heat shock protein-inducing compound, is mediated by the activation of heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1), which has antiallergic, anti-obesity, anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects. Paeoniflorin can activate PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to protect the PC12 cell injury induced by Aβ25-35, it protects thymocytes against irradiation-induced cell damage by scavenging ROS and attenuating the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases.
    Targets: TNF-α | IL Receptor | cAMP | TGF-β/Smad | PI3K | Akt | Bcl-2/Bax | Caspase | Beta Amyloid
    In vitro:
    Phytomedicine. 2014 Sep 15;21(10):1170-7.
    Inhibitory effect of paeoniflorin on methylglyoxal-mediated oxidative stress in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.[Pubmed: 24916708]
    Methylglyoxal (MG) has been suggested to be one major source of intracellular reactive carbonyl compounds. In the present study, the effect of Paeoniflorin on MG-induced cytotoxicity was investigated using osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were pre-incubated with Paeoniflorin before treatment with MG, and markers of oxidative damage and mitochondrial function were examined. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with Paeoniflorin prevented the MG-induced cell death and formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, cardiolipin peroxidation, and protein adduct in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, Paeoniflorin increased glutathione level and restored the activity of glyoxalase I to almost the control level. These findings suggest that Paeoniflorin provide a protective action against MG-induced cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and by increasing MG detoxification system. Pretreatment with Paeoniflorin prior to MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation and adenosine triphosphate loss. Additionally, the nitric oxide and nuclear respiratory factor 1 levels were significantly increased by Paeoniflorin, suggesting that Paeoniflorin may induce mitochondrial biogenesis. Paeoniflorin treatment decreased the levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These findings indicate that Paeoniflorin might exert its therapeutic effects via upregulation of glyoxalase system and mitochondrial function. Taken together, Paeoniflorin may prove to be an effective treatment for diabeteic osteopathy.
    In vivo:
    Int Immunopharmacol. 2007 May;7(5):662-73.
    Paeoniflorin induced immune tolerance of mesenteric lymph node lymphocytes via enhancing beta 2-adrenergic receptor desensitization in rats with adjuvant arthritis.[Pubmed: 17386414 ]
    Paeoniflorin (Pae), a monoterpene glucoside, is one of the main bioactive components of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) extracted from the root of Paeonia lactiflora. TGP has anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    In this study, we investigated the effects of Pae on inflammatory and immune responses to the mesenteric lymph node (MLN) lymphocytes and the mechanisms by which Pae regulates beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2-AR) signal transduction in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats. The onset of secondary arthritis in rats appeared around day 14 after injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). Remarkable secondary inflammatory response and lymphocytes proliferation were observed in AA rats, along with the decrease of anti-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) of MLN lymphocytes, and the increase of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-2. The administration of Pae (50, 100 mg kg(-1), days 17-24) significantly diminished the secondary hind paw swelling and arthritis scores, reversed the changes of cytokines as discussed above, and further decreased the lowered proliferation of MLN lymphocytes in AA rats. In vitro, Pae restored the previously increased level of cAMP of MLN lymphocytes at the concentrations of 12.5, 62.5 and 312.5 mg l(-1). Meanwhile, Pae increased protein expressions of beta 2-AR and GRK2, and decreased that of beta-arrestin 1, 2 of MLN lymphocytes in AA rats.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These results suggested that Pae might induce the Th1 cells immune tolerance, which then shift to Th2, Th3 cells mediated activities to take effect the anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects. The mechanisms of Pae on beta 2-AR desensitization and beta 2-AR-AC-cAMP transmembrane signal transduction of MLN lymphocytes play crucial roles in pathogenesis of this disease.
    Planta Med. 1997 Aug;63(4):323-5.
    Antihyperglycemic effects of paeoniflorin and 8-debenzoylpaeoniflorin, glucosides from the root of Paeonia lactiflora.[Pubmed: 9270377 ]

    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Paeoniflorin and 8-debenzoylPaeoniflorin were isolated from the dried root of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. (Ranunculaceae). They produced a significant blood sugar lowering effect in streptozotocin-treated rats and had a maximum effect at 25 min after treatment. This hypoglycemic action was also observed in normoglycemic rats only at 1 mg/kg. The antihyperglycemic activity of 8-debenzoylPaeoniflorin seems lower than that of Paeoniflorin. Plasma insulin was not changed in Paeoniflorin-treated normoglycemic rats indicating an insulin-independent action. Also, this glucoside reduced the elevation of blood sugar in glucose challenged rats.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Increase of glucose utilization by Paeoniflorin can thus be considered. There are no previous data showing the hypoglycemic activity of Paeoniflorin and/or 8-debenzoylPaeoniflorin in rats.
    Paeoniflorin Description
    Source: The roots of Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
    Solvent: DMSO, Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 2.0814 mL 10.4069 mL 20.8138 mL 41.6276 mL 52.0346 mL
    5 mM 0.4163 mL 2.0814 mL 4.1628 mL 8.3255 mL 10.4069 mL
    10 mM 0.2081 mL 1.0407 mL 2.0814 mL 4.1628 mL 5.2035 mL
    50 mM 0.0416 mL 0.2081 mL 0.4163 mL 0.8326 mL 1.0407 mL
    100 mM 0.0208 mL 0.1041 mL 0.2081 mL 0.4163 mL 0.5203 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Protocol
    Kinase Assay:
    Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2014 Oct;39(20):4045-9.
    [Role of PI3K/Akt pathway in effect of paeoniflorin against Aβ25-35-induced PC12 cell injury].[Pubmed: 25751960]
    To study the role of PI3K/Akt pathway in the neuroprotective effect of Paeoniflorin on PC12 cells.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    The Paeoniflorin group (5, 10, 20 μmol · L(-1)) was pretreated for 30 min, and then added with Aβ25-35 (20 μmol · L(-1)) for interaction for 24 h. Inhibitor LY294002 (10 μmol · L(-1)) was pretreated for 30 min before the action of Paeoniflorin (10 μmol · L(-1)). The MTT colorimetric method was used to detect the cell viability. The apoptosis rate was tested by the FITC-Annexin V/PI staining. The protein expression of p-AKT, Bax, Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3 protein were detected by Western blot analysis. Paeoniflorin could significantly inhibit the Aβ25-35-induced PC12 cell toxicity and apoptosis. Its protection effect may be achieved by up- regulating AKT phosphorylation level, increasing Bcl-2 protein expression, reducing Bax protein expression, inhibiting the activation of caspase-3. Inhibitor LY294002 could weaken the above protective effects of Paeoniflorin.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Paeoniflorin could activate PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to protect the PC12 cell injury induced by Aβ25-35.
    Animal Research:
    Arch Pharm Res. 2008 Apr;31(4):445-50.
    Antiallergic effect of the root of Paeonia lactiflora and its constituents paeoniflorin and paeonol.[Pubmed: 18449501 ]
    The root of Paeonia lactiflora PALL (PL, Family Paeoniaceae) has been used frequently as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agent in traditional medicines of Korea, China and Japan.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    To evaluate antiallergic effect of PL, we isolated its main constituents, Paeoniflorin and paeonol, and evaluated in vivo their inhibitory effects against passive cutaenous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction induced by IgE-antigen complex and scratching behaviors induced by compound 48/80. PL, Paeoniflorin and paeonol potently inhibited PCA reaction and scratching behaviors in mice. Paeoniflorin exhibited the most potent inhibition against scratching behaviors and the acetic acid-induced writhing syndrome in mice. Paeonol most potently inhibited PCA reaction and mast cells degranulation.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These findings suggest that PL can improve IgE-induced anaphylaxis and scratching behaviors, and may be due to the effect of its constituents, Paeoniflorin and paeonol.