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    Periplogenin
    Information
    CAS No. 514-39-6 Price $328 / 10mg
    Catalog No.CFN90514Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight390.51Type of CompoundSteroids
    FormulaC23H34O5Physical DescriptionPowder
    Download     COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Periplogenin plays protective roles against thyrotoxicosis and associated cardiovascular problems, are mediated through its direct antithyroidal and/or LPO inhibiting properties. Periplogenin induces necroptotic cell death through oxidative stress in HaCaT cells and ameliorates skin lesions in the TPA- and IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse models.
    Targets: Sodium Channel | ATPase | Potassium Channel | ROS
    In vitro:
    Biochem Pharmacol. 2016 Apr 1;105:66-79.
    Periplogenin induces necroptotic cell death through oxidative stress in HaCaT cells and ameliorates skin lesions in the TPA- and IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse models.[Pubmed: 26850986 ]
    Psoriasis is a multifactorial skin disease that inconveniences many patients. Considering the side effects and drug resistance of the current therapy, it is urgent to discover more effective and safer anti-psoriatic drugs.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    In the present study, we screened over 250 traditional Chinese medicine compounds for their ability to inhibit the cell viability of cultured human HaCaT keratinocytes, a psoriasis-relevant in vitro model, and found that Periplogenin was highly effective. Mechanistic studies revealed that apoptosis and autophagy were not induced by Periplogenin in HaCaT cells. However, Periplogenin caused PI to permeate into cells, increased lactate LDH release and rapidly increased the number of necrotic cells. Additionally, the typical characteristics of necrosis were observed in the Periplogenin-treated HaCaT cells. Notably, the necroptosis inhibitor Nec-1 and NSA were able to rescue the cells from necrotic cell death, supporting that necroptosis was involved in Periplogenin-induced cell death. Furthermore, the ROS levels were elevated in the Periplogenin-treated cells, NAC (an antioxidant) and Nec-1 could inhibit the ROS levels, and NAC could attenuate necroptotic cell death, indicating that the Periplogenin-induced necroptotic cell death was mediated by oxidative stress. More importantly, in the murine models of TPA-induced epidermal hyperplasia and IMQ-induced skin inflammation, topical administration of Periplogenin ameliorated skin lesions and inflammation.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    In sum, our results indicate, for the first time, that Periplogenin is a naturally occurring compound with potent anti-psoriatic effects in vitro and in vivo, making it a promising candidate for future drug research.
    In vivo:
    Horm Metab Res. 2011 Mar;43(3):188-93.
    Periplogenin, isolated from Lagenaria siceraria, ameliorates L-T₄-induced hyperthyroidism and associated cardiovascular problems.[Pubmed: 21287437]
    The importance of glycoside in the regulation of thyroid dysfunction is not well understood.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    In the present investigation, effects of Periplogenin-3- O-D-glucopyranosyl (1→6)(1→4)-D-cymaropyranoside, isolated from the vegetable, LAGENARIA SICERARIA, in L-thyroxine (L-T₄)-induced hyperthyroidism and in related cardiovascular abnormalities have been revealed in Wistar albino rats. L-T₄ (500 μg/kg, s. c./d) administration for 12 days significantly increased serum concentrations of thyroxine (T₄), triidothyronine (T₃), and hepatic 5'-deiodinase I (5'-DI) activity with a parallel increase in lipid peroxidation (LPO) in different organs such as heart, liver and kidney; serum glucose and insulin concentrations and a decrease in cardiac Na (+)-K (+)-ATPase activity as well as serum total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides. Most of these adverse effects were reversed following the administration of isolated Periplogenin. However, out of its 3 different concentrations (5.0, 10, and 25 mg/kg), 5 mg/kg appeared to be the most effective one as it could nearly normalize the level of T₃, glucose, insulin, Na (+)-K (+)-ATPase activity, tissue LPO and different serum lipids suggesting the protective role of Periplogenin against thyrotoxicosis and associated cardiovascular problems.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    It appears that the Periplogenin actions are mediated through its direct antithyroidal and/or LPO inhibiting properties.
    Periplogenin Description
    Source: The root barks of Periploca sepium Bunge.
    Solvent: Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 2.5608 mL 12.8038 mL 25.6075 mL 51.2151 mL 64.0188 mL
    5 mM 0.5122 mL 2.5608 mL 5.1215 mL 10.243 mL 12.8038 mL
    10 mM 0.2561 mL 1.2804 mL 2.5608 mL 5.1215 mL 6.4019 mL
    50 mM 0.0512 mL 0.2561 mL 0.5122 mL 1.0243 mL 1.2804 mL
    100 mM 0.0256 mL 0.128 mL 0.2561 mL 0.5122 mL 0.6402 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.