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    Taraxasterol
    Information
    CAS No. 1059-14-9 Price $338 / 20mg
    Catalog No.CFN99074Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight426.7 Type of CompoundTriterpenoids
    FormulaC30H50OPhysical DescriptionPowder
    Download Manual    COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Taraxasterol has anti-inflammatory, anti- tumor-promoting , anti-endotoxic shock and anti-allergic asthma activities. It inhibited NO, IFN-γ, PGE(2), TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production.
    Targets: NO | PGE | TNF-α | IL Receptor | NF-kB
    In vitro:
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 May 7;141(1):206-11.
    Effects of taraxasterol on inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages.[Pubmed: 22366673]
    Taraxasterol, a pentacyclic-triterpene, was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale. In the present study, we investigated the in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Taraxasterol in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 murine macrophages.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    RAW 264.7 cells were pretreated with 2.5, 5, or 12.5μg/ml of Taraxasterol 1h prior to treatment with 1μg/ml of LPS. Nitric oxide (NO) level in supernatants from cells was examined by Griess reaction, the concentrations of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by ELISA. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation was evaluated by immunocytochemical analysis. We found that Taraxasterol inhibited NO, PGE(2), TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. Further studies revealed that Taraxasterol prevented the LPS-induced NF-κB translocation from cytoplasm into nuclear.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These results indicate that Taraxasterol has anti-inflammatory effect by blocking NF-κB pathway.
    In vivo:
    Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2014 Feb;36(1):11-6.
    Protective effect of taraxasterol against LPS-induced endotoxic shock by modulating inflammatory responses in mice.[Pubmed: 24286370]
    Taraxasterol, a pentacyclic-triterpene, was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of Taraxasterol on murine model of endotoxic shock and the mechanism of its action.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Mice were treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg of Taraxasterol prior to a lethal dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Survival of mice was monitored twice a day for 7 days. To further understand the mechanism, the serum levels of inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and mediator nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) as well as histology of lungs were examined. The results showed that Taraxasterol significantly improved mouse survival and attenuated tissue injury of the lungs in LPS-induced endotoxemic mice. Further studies revealed that Taraxasterol significantly reduced TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, NO and PGE₂ levels in sera from mice with endotoxic shock.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These results indicate that Taraxasterol has a protective effect on murine endotoxic shock induced by LPS through modulating inflammatory cytokine and mediator secretion. This finding might provide a new strategy for the treatment of endotoxic shock and associated inflammation.
    Oncology. 1996 Jul-Aug;53(4):341-4.
    Inhibitory effect of taraxastane-type triterpenes on tumor promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin.[Pubmed: 8692541]
    Two taraxastane-type hydroxy triterpenes, Taraxasterol and faradiol, isolated from the flowers of Compositae plants Cynara scolymus (artichoke) and Chrysanthemum morifilolium (chrysanthemum), respectively, showed strong inhibitory activity against 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation in mice. At 2.0 mumol/mouse, these compounds inhibited markedly the tumor-promoting effect of TPA (1 microgram/mouse) on skin tumor formation following initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene (50 micrograms/mouse).
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Jul 30;148(3):787-93.
    Effects of taraxasterol on ovalbumin-induced allergic asthma in mice.[Pubmed: 23727181]
    Taraxasterol was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale which has been frequently used as a remedy for inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we determined the in vivo protective effect of Taraxasterol on allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in mice.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA, and were orally treated daily with Taraxasterol at 2.5, 5 and 10mg/kg from day 23 to 27 after sensitization. The number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was determined. Th2 cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-5 (IL-5), interleukin-13 (IL-13) production in BALF and OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) production in sera were measured using ELISA. Histological changes in lung tissues were examined using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and periodic acid-Schiff staining (PAS). Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to inhaled methacholine was assessed. Taraxasterol dramatically decreased the total inflammatory cell and main inflammatory cell counts, reduced the production of Th2 cytokine IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 in BALF and OVA-specific IgE in sera, and suppressed AHR in a dose-dependent manner. Histological studies demonstrated that Taraxasterol substantially suppressed OVA-induced inflammatory cells infiltration into lung tissues and goblet cell hyperplasia in airways.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    This finding suggests that Taraxasterol protects against OVA-induced allergic asthma in mice.
    Taraxasterol Description
    Source: The herbs of Taraxacum officinale
    Solvent: Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 2.3436 mL 11.7178 mL 23.4357 mL 46.8713 mL 58.5892 mL
    5 mM 0.4687 mL 2.3436 mL 4.6871 mL 9.3743 mL 11.7178 mL
    10 mM 0.2344 mL 1.1718 mL 2.3436 mL 4.6871 mL 5.8589 mL
    50 mM 0.0469 mL 0.2344 mL 0.4687 mL 0.9374 mL 1.1718 mL
    100 mM 0.0234 mL 0.1172 mL 0.2344 mL 0.4687 mL 0.5859 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Protocol
    Cell Research:
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 May 7;141(1):206-11.
    Effects of taraxasterol on inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages.[Pubmed: 22366673]
    Cell lines: RAW 264.7 cells
    Concentrations: 2.5, 5, or 12.5μg/ml
    Incubation Time: 1 h
    Method: RAW 264.7 cells were pretreated with 2.5, 5, or 12.5μg/ml of Taraxasterol 1h prior to treatment with 1μg/ml of LPS. Nitric oxide (NO) level in supernatants from cells was examined by Griess reaction, the concentrations of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by ELISA. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation was evaluated by immunocytochemical analysis. We found that Taraxasterol inhibited NO, PGE(2), TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. Further studies revealed that Taraxasterol prevented the LPS-induced NF-κB translocation from cytoplasm into nuclear.
    Animal Research:
    Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2014 Feb;36(1):11-6.
    Protective effect of taraxasterol against LPS-induced endotoxic shock by modulating inflammatory responses in mice.[Pubmed: 24286370]
    Animal Models: Mice (24–30 g)
    Formulation: A suspension in gumacacia (1% w/v)
    Dosages:2.5,5,10mg/kg from day 23 to 27 after sensitization
    Administration: p.o.