|Source:||The herbs of Asarum sieboldii Miq.|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. beta-Asarone has neuroprotection, it can afford a beneficial inhibition on both mRNA and protein expression of Bad, Bax, and cleavage of caspases 9 in rat hippocampus following intrahippocampal injections of Abeta (1-42).
2. beta-Asarone has anthelmintic activity using contractility of Ascaridia galli., it shows potent activity with IC50 values of 75.4 +/- 61.8 ng/mL.
3. beta-Asarone prevents autophagy and synaptic loss by reducing ROCK expression in SAMP8 mice.
4. beta-Asarone has anticoagulant effect in the mouse and the rat.
5. beta-Asarone can inhibit colon cancer formation in vivo and in vitro by inducing senescence, since beta-asarone induces lamin B1 expression.
6. beta Asarone can cause liver and cardiac damages, it also has reproductive toxicity, beta asarone administered at a dose of 50mg/kg b.wt. is capable enough in bringing about moderate amount of degenerative changes in rat testis and altered antioxidant status.
7. beta-Asarone exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing the production of pro-inflammatory mediators through NF-κB signaling and the JNK pathways in activated microglial cells and might be developed as a promising candidate to treat various neuroinflammatory diseases.
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||4.8008 mL||24.0038 mL||48.0077 mL||96.0154 mL||120.0192 mL|
|5 mM||0.9602 mL||4.8008 mL||9.6015 mL||19.2031 mL||24.0038 mL|
|10 mM||0.4801 mL||2.4004 mL||4.8008 mL||9.6015 mL||12.0019 mL|
|50 mM||0.096 mL||0.4801 mL||0.9602 mL||1.9203 mL||2.4004 mL|
|100 mM||0.048 mL||0.24 mL||0.4801 mL||0.9602 mL||1.2002 mL|
Nat Prod Commun. 2009 Feb;4(2):275-8.
|Compositional variations and anthelmentic activity of essential oils from rhizomes of different wild populations of Acorus calamus L. and its major component, beta-Asarone.[Pubmed: 19370938]|
|Hydro-distilled essential oils from Acorus calamus rhizomes collected from six different geographical zones in the northwest Himalayan region of Uttarakhand have been analyzed by GC and GC/MS. All the oils differed in their qualitative and quantitative make up, although beta-Asarone was the major constituent of all of them. The essential oils and the isolated beta-Asarone were screened for anthelmintic activity using contractility of Ascaridia galli. beta-Asarone, in particular, showed potent activity with IC50 values of 75.4 +/- 61.8 ng/mL.|
Food Chem Toxicol. 2014 Oct;72:265-72.
|β-Asarone (cis-2,4,5-trimethoxy-1-allyl phenyl), attenuates pro-inflammatory mediators by inhibiting NF-κB signaling and the JNK pathway in LPS activated BV-2 microglia cells.[Pubmed: 25066769]|
|Acorus species contains diverse pharmacologically active phytochemicals including α-asarone, beta-Asarone, and eugenol. We determined if beta-Asarone isolated from Acorus gramineus (AG) Solander would be efficacious in protecting BV-2 microglia cells from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced stress signaling. BV-2 microglial cells were pretreated with an AG ethanol extract (1, 10, and 100 μg/mL) or beta-Asarone (10, 50, and 100 μM) prior to exposure to LPS (100 ng/mL). AG and beta-Asarone inhibited LPS-induced production of nitric oxide in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 also decreased dose dependently following AG and beta-Asarone treatments. Immunostaining and immunoblot studies revealed that beta-Asarone also suppressed nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation by blocking IkB degradation. Further mechanistic studies revealed that beta-Asarone acted through the JNK/MAPK pathway. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that beta-Asarone exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing the production of pro-inflammatory mediators through NF-κB signaling and the JNK pathways in activated microglial cells and might be developed as a promising candidate to treat various neuroinflammatory diseases.|
Eur J Pharmacol. 2014 Oct 15;741:195-204.
|Beta-asarone attenuates amyloid beta-induced autophagy via Akt/mTOR pathway in PC12 cells.[Pubmed: 25160744]|
|Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age related and progressive neurodegenerative disease. Autophagy is a self-degradative process and plays a critical role in removing long-lived proteins and damaged organelles. Recent evidence suggests that autophagy might be involved in the pathogenesis of AD. beta-Asarone have various neuroprotective effects. However, the effect of β-asarone on autophagy in amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) induced cell injury is unclear, and little is known about the signaling pathway of β-asarone in autophagy regulation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether beta-Asarone protects cells from Aβ1-42 induced cytotoxicity via regulation of Beclin-1 dependent autophagy and its regulating signaling pathway. We examined effects of beta-Asarone on cell morphology, cell viability, neuron specific enolase (NSE) levels, autophagosomes and regulating Beclin-1, p-Akt and p-mTOR expressions in Aβ1-42 treated PC12 cells. We found that beta-Asarone could maintain the original morphology of cells and increase cell viability and decrease NSE levels significantly. Meanwhile, beta-Asarone decreased Beclin-1 expression significantly. In addition, beta-Asarone can increase levels of p-Akt and p-mTOR. These results showed that beta-Asarone protected cells from Aβ1-42 induced cytotoxicity and attenuated autophagy via activation of Akt-mTOR signaling pathway, which could be involved in neuroprotection of beta-Asarone against Aβ toxicity. Our findings suggest that beta-Asarone might be a potential preventive drug for AD.|
Phytomedicine. 2013 Apr 15;20(6):512-20.
|β-Asarone induces senescence in colorectal cancer cells by inducing lamin B1 expression.[Pubmed: 23357361 ]|
|Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality with a complex carcinogenesis that includes reduced cellular senescence. Lamin proteins are decreased in senescing cells, and frequently decreased in malignancies. This study identified a new drug candidate for colorectal cancer that appears to target cell senescence via a lamin protein. beta-Asarone (1-propenyl-2,4,5-methoxybenzol) is a compound from the traditional medical herb Acorus calamus Linn. This study tested the in vitro and in vivo effects of beta-Asarone on colorectal cancer cells by testing cell viability using human colorectal cell lines HT29 and SW480 in MTT assays; tumorigenesis using xenografts in nude mice and a mouse model of colorectal cancer; cell senescence using senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity; and expression of cancer and senescence-related proteins, specifically lamins, Oct-1, p53, p21, and p15, by Western blot. beta-Asarone appeared to increase expression of lamin B1, p53, p21, but not lamin A/C. beta-Asarone regulates p15 expression by regulation of Oct-1 binding. Collectively, the results suggested that beta-Asarone inhibits colon cancer formation in vivo and in vitro by inducing senescence. Since beta-Asarone induced lamin B1 expression, a model is proposed in which beta-Asarone inhibits colorectal cancer by inducing senescence through lamin B1.|
Proc West Pharmacol Soc. 1991;34:107-12.
|The anticoagulant effect of beta-asarone in the mouse and the rat.[Pubmed: 1788271]|
|The anticoagulant effect of beta-Asarone in the mouse and the rat.|
Life Sci. 2017 Mar 15;173:150-160.
|Assessing reproductive toxicity and antioxidant enzymes on beta asarone induced male Wistar albino rats: In vivo and computational analysis.[Pubmed: 27569590 ]|
|beta-Asarone administered at a dose of 50mg/kgb.wt. was responsible for inducing certain noticeable degenerative changes in histopathological analysis of the tissue. This was supported by altered sperm morphology and hormonal variations when compared to the control groups. Antioxidant enzyme levels were also found to be decreased. This was further validated by molecular docking studies. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study provides evidence that beta-Asarone administered at a dose of 50mg/kg b.wt. is capable enough in bringing about moderate amount of degenerative changes in rat testis and altered antioxidant status. Therefore provides a suitable evidence to prove that beta-Asarone causes reproductive toxicity.|