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    Eriocitrin
    Information
    CAS No. 13463-28-0 Price $148 / 20mg
    Catalog No.CFN99718Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight596.53Type of CompoundFlavonoids
    FormulaC27H32O15Physical DescriptionPowder
    Download Manual    COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Eriocitrin is powerful antioxidative flavonoid, it can prevent oxidative damages caused by acute exercise-induced oxidative stress, it also has lipid-lowering effect in rats on a high-fat and high-cholesterol diet. Eriocitrin is a potent inhibitor of human carbonic anhydrase VA isozyme.
    Targets: LDL | ATP synthase
    In vitro:
    J. Food Sci., 2006, 71(71):S633–S7.
    Lipid-Lowering Effect of Eriocitrin, the Main Flavonoid in Lemon Fruit, in Rats on a High-Fat and High-Cholesterol Diet[Reference: WebLink]
    Eriocitrin (eriodictyol 7-O-β-rutinoside) is the main flavonoid in lemon fruit.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    In this study, Eriocitrin was investigated for its lowering effect on serum and hepatic lipids in high-fat and high-cholesterol fed rats. Rats in the control group (N = 6) were fed a 20% lard and 1% cholesterol diet for 21 d, and rats in the 0.35% Eriocitrin group (N = 6) and 0.70% Eriocitrin group (N = 6) were fed a diet supplemented with Eriocitrin 0.35% and 0.70%, respectively. The content of hepatic total cholesterol and triglyceride in the Eriocitrin group was no different from that of the control group. The total cholesterol, VLDL+LDL, triglyceride, and phospholipid in the serum of the 0.35% Eriocitrin group showed significantly lower concentrations than the control group (P < 0.05), although there was no difference in the HDL concentrations among the groups. The lowering effect of Eriocitrin for serum total cholesterol was thought to be caused by a decrease in VLDL+LDL.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    The 0.35% Eriocitrin group was shown to have a significant increase in excretion of fecal bile acid (P < 0.05) and a tendency for enhanced hepatic m-RNA levels of LDL receptor in comparison with the control group.
    In vivo:
    Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 15;4:3708.
    Eriocitrin ameliorates diet-induced hepatic steatosis with activation of mitochondrial biogenesis.[Pubmed: 24424211]
    Lemon (Citrus limon) contains various bioactive flavonoids, and prevents obesity and obesity-associated metabolic diseases. We focused on Eriocitrin (eriodictyol 7-rutinoside), a powerful antioxidative flavonoid in lemon with lipid-lowering effects in a rat model of high-fat diet.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    To investigate the mechanism of action of Eriocitrin, we conducted feeding experiments on zebrafish with diet-induced obesity. Oral administration of Eriocitrin (32 mg/kg/day for 28 days) improved dyslipidaemia and decreased lipid droplets in the liver. DNA microarray analysis revealed that Eriocitrin increased mRNA of mitochondrial biogenesis genes, such as mitochondria transcription factor, nuclear respiratory factor 1, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 4, and ATP synthase. In HepG2 cells, Eriocitrin also induced the corresponding orthologues, and reduced lipid accumulation under conditions of lipid loading. Eriocitrin increased mitochondrial size and mtDNA content, which resulted in ATP production in HepG2 cells and zebrafish.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    In summary, dietary Eriocitrin ameliorates diet-induced hepatic steatosis with activation of mitochondrial biogenesis.
    J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Aug;48(8):3217-24.
    Identification and antioxidant activity of flavonoid metabolites in plasma and urine of eriocitrin-treated rats.[Pubmed: 10956094]
    Eriocitrin, a flavonoid glycoside present in lemon fruit, is metabolized in vivo to a series of eriodictyol, methylated eriodictyol, 3,4-dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid, and their conjugates.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Plasma antioxidant activity increased following oral administration of aqueous Eriocitrin solutions to rats. Eriocitrin metabolites were found in plasma and renal excreted urine through HPLC and LC-MS analyses. Eriocitrin was not detected in plasma and urine, but eriodictyol, homoeriodictyol, and hesperetin in their conjugated forms were detected in plasma of 4.0 h following administration of Eriocitrin. In urine for 24 h, both nonconjugates and conjugates of these metabolites were detected. 3,4-Dihydroxyhydrocinnamic acid, which is metabolized from eriodictyol by intestinal bacteria, was detected in slight amounts with each form in 4.0-h plasma and 24-h urine. Eriocitrin was suggested to be metabolized by intestinal bacteria, and then eriodictyol and 3,4-dihydroxyhydrocinnamic of its metabolite were absorbed.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Following administration of Eriocitrin, plasma exhibited an elevated resistance effect to lipid peroxidation. Eriocitrin metabolites functioning as antioxidant agents are discussed.
    Eriocitrin Description
    Source: The fruits of Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck
    Solvent: DMSO, Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Recently, ChemFaces products have been cited in many studies from excellent and top scientific journals

    Cell. 2018 Jan 11;172(1-2):249-261.e12.
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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 1.6764 mL 8.3818 mL 16.7636 mL 33.5272 mL 41.909 mL
    5 mM 0.3353 mL 1.6764 mL 3.3527 mL 6.7054 mL 8.3818 mL
    10 mM 0.1676 mL 0.8382 mL 1.6764 mL 3.3527 mL 4.1909 mL
    50 mM 0.0335 mL 0.1676 mL 0.3353 mL 0.6705 mL 0.8382 mL
    100 mM 0.0168 mL 0.0838 mL 0.1676 mL 0.3353 mL 0.4191 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Protocol
    Kinase Assay:
    Planta Med. 2015 Apr;81(6):533-40.
    Eriocitrin and Apigenin as New Carbonic Anhydrase VA Inhibitors from a Virtual Screening of Calabrian Natural Products.[Pubmed: 25590364]

    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    In this work, we performed a structure-based virtual screening against five carbonic anhydrase isoforms using, as a ligand library, natural components of Citrus bergamia (Bergamot) and Allium cepa var. Tropea (red onion) sources, which are some typical Calabrian products. The most relevant Bergamot and red onion components, identified as potentially new hits by means of the computational work, were submitted to in vitro tests in order to confirm the ability to exert the predicted biological activity.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Apigenin and Eriocitrin were identified as new potent inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrase VA isozyme.
    Animal Research:
    Life Sci. 2003 Feb 21;72(14):1609-16.
    Lemon flavonoid, eriocitrin, suppresses exercise-induced oxidative damage in rat liver.[Pubmed: 12551749]

    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    To examine the preventive effect of the lemon flavonoid, Eriocitrin (eriodictyol 7-O-rutinoside), on oxidative stress during acute exercise in vivo, levels of N( epsilon )- (hexanoyl)lysine, HEL; o,o-dityrosine, DT; and nitrotyrosine, NT, as oxidative stress markers, were determined by ELISA in livers of trained rats in addition to thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS). Eriocitrin administration prior to exercise significantly suppressed the increases in TBARS caused by lipid peroxidation during acute exercise. The contents of HEL, DT, and NT in rat liver increased dramatically by exercise without Eriocitrin administration. However, these increases were significantly suppressed by Eriocitrin administration before exercise. Moreover, in this study, to clarify whether Eriocitrin influences glutathione metabolite system that is considered to be important for a defense against the damage by oxidative stress, the levels of glutathione in rat liver were determined during exercise. The level of reduced glutathione after exercise was maintained by administration of Eriocitrin. The increase in the concentration of oxidized glutathione caused by exercise was significantly suppressed by Eriocitrin. This result suggested that Eriocitrin might play an important role in the control of the change in glutathione redox status in rat liver during exercise.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These findings showed that Eriocitrin was effective in the prevention of oxidative damages caused by acute exercise-induced oxidative stress.