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    Agnuside
    Information
    CAS No. 11027-63-7 Price $158 / 10mg
    Catalog No.CFN99203Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight466.4 Type of CompoundIridoids
    FormulaC22H26O11Physical DescriptionPowder
    Download Manual    COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Agnuside has anti-arthritic activity, it also shows inhibition of vascular permeability and leukocyte migration in vivo.It inhibited an array of pro-inflammatory mediators (PGE(2) and LTB(4)) and T-cell-mediated cytokines (IL-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, IL-17).
    Targets: TNF-α | IFN-γ | PGE | LTB
    In vivo:
    Inflamm Res. 2012 Apr;61(4):293-304.
    Anti-arthritic activity of agnuside mediated through the down-regulation of inflammatory mediators and cytokines.[Pubmed: 22228102]
    The purpose of this study was to elucidate the probable mechanism for the anti-arthritic activity of Agnuside (AGN), a compound isolated from the leaf extract of Vitex negundo.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    The anti-inflammatory activity of AGN within a dose range of 1.56-12.50 mg/kg in normal and adrenalectomized rats was evaluated against different inflammagens. An array of pro-inflammatory mediators (PGE(2) and LTB(4)) and T-cell-mediated cytokines (IL-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, IL-17) was assayed using flow cytometry, in arthritic paw tissue homogenate and splenocytes of treated animals. Significant anti-arthritic activity was observed in the polyarthritis test in rats and this was associated with significant suppression of inflammatory mediators and T-cell-mediated cytokines (Th1/Th2). The anti-inflammatory activity in adrenalectomized rats confirmed that the effect of AGN is not mediated by the pituitary-adrenal axis. AGN also showed inhibition of vascular permeability and leukocyte migration in vivo.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    The study suggests the possible development of AGN as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of arthritis by the modulation of the host immune response.
    Agnuside Description
    Source: The herbs of Vitex negundo L.
    Solvent: DMSO, Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 2.1441 mL 10.7204 mL 21.4408 mL 42.8816 mL 53.6021 mL
    5 mM 0.4288 mL 2.1441 mL 4.2882 mL 8.5763 mL 10.7204 mL
    10 mM 0.2144 mL 1.072 mL 2.1441 mL 4.2882 mL 5.3602 mL
    50 mM 0.0429 mL 0.2144 mL 0.4288 mL 0.8576 mL 1.072 mL
    100 mM 0.0214 mL 0.1072 mL 0.2144 mL 0.4288 mL 0.536 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Protocol
    Animal Research:
    Inflamm Res. 2012 Apr;61(4):293-304.
    Anti-arthritic activity of agnuside mediated through the down-regulation of inflammatory mediators and cytokines.[Pubmed: 22228102]
    Animal Models: Fourteen-week-old Wistar rats (150–180 g) and 12-weekold Swiss albino mice (24–30 g)
    Formulation: A suspension in gumacacia (1% w/v)
    Dosages: 1.56, 3.12, 6.25, 12.50 mg/kg
    Administration: p.o.