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    Ginsenoside Ro
    Information
    CAS No. 34367-04-9 Price $128 / 20mg
    Catalog No.CFN99147Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight957.11Type of CompoundTriterpenoids
    FormulaC48H76O19Physical DescriptionWhite powder
    Download Manual    COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    According to end customer requirements, ChemFaces provide solvent format. This solvent format of product intended use: Signaling Inhibitors, Biological activities or Pharmacological activities.
    Size /Price /Stock 10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO / $83.2 / In-stock
    Other Packaging *Packaging according to customer requirements(100uL/well, 200uL/well and more), and Container use Storage Tube With Screw Cap
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  • Biological Activity
    Description: Ginsenoside Ro has antioxidative properties against UV-B-induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblasts, it possesses a potential skin anti-photoaging property against UV-B radiation in fibroblasts. It also exerts anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation in IL-1β-induced rat chondrocytes, which might be related to NF-κB signal pathway, it might be a potential novel drug for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Ginsenoside Ro enhances in vivo hair re-growth based on their inhibitory activity against 5αR in the androgenetic alopecia model, it shows immunomodulatory effects by regulating the production and expression of Th1/Th2 cytokines in murine splenocytes.
    Targets: Bcl-2/Bax | p53 | IL Receptor | Caspase | NF-kB | MMP(e.g.TIMP) | COX | ROS
    In vitro:
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2015;79(12):2018-21.
    Antioxidative properties of ginsenoside Ro against UV-B-induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblasts.[Pubmed: 26214051]
    Ginsenoside Ro (Ro), an oleanolic acid-type ginsenoside, exhibited suppressive activities on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) elevation in UV-B-irradiated fibroblasts. Ro could overcome the reduction of the total glutathione (GSH) contents in UV-B-irradiated fibroblasts. Ro could not interfere with cell viabilities in UV-B-irradiated fibroblasts. Collectively, Ro possesses a potential skin anti-photoaging property against UV-B radiation in fibroblasts.
    In vivo:
    Planta Med. 1991 Dec;57(6):523-6.
    Anti-hepatitic activity of ginsenoside Ro.[Pubmed: 1818342]
    Ginsenoside Ro, an oleanane-type saponin has been screened for activity in experimental models of acute and chronic hepatitis.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Ginsenoside Ro (50 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) inhibited the increase of serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (s-GOT) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (s-GPT) levels in D-galactosamine (GalN)- and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute hepatitic rats. Ginsenoside Ro inhibited the increase of connective tissue in the liver of CCl4-induced chronic hepatitic rats.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Ginsenoside Ro showed a stronger inhibitory effect on the GalN-induced acute hepatitic model than those of the aglycone of Ginsenoside Ro, oleanolic acid, or glycyrrhizic acid and its aglycone, glycyrrhetinic acid.
    Planta Med. 1990 Feb;56(1):19-23.
    Anti-inflammatory activity of ginsenoside ro.[Pubmed: 17221369]
    Ginsenoside Ro, an oleanane-type saponin has been screened for activity in experimental models of inflammation.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    Ginsenoside Ro (10,50, and 200 mg/kg, P. O.) inhibited an increase in vascular permeability in mice induced by acetic acid and reduced an acute paw edema in rats induced by compound 48/80 or carrageenin.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Ginsenoside Ro did not suppress a developing adjuvant-induced edema in arthritic rats. However, Ginsenoside Ro was found to be effective in hypercoagulable state, increase of connective tissue in the artery and calcium effluence from the bone in adjuvant-induced arthritic rats.
    Ginsenoside Ro Description
    Source: The roots of Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.
    Solvent: DMSO, Pyridine, Methanol, Ethanol, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Recently, ChemFaces products have been cited in many studies from excellent and top scientific journals

    Cell. 2018 Jan 11;172(1-2):249-261.e12.
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    Nature Plants. 2016 Dec 22;3: 16206.
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    PMID: 30417089
    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 1.0448 mL 5.2241 mL 10.4481 mL 20.8962 mL 26.1203 mL
    5 mM 0.209 mL 1.0448 mL 2.0896 mL 4.1792 mL 5.2241 mL
    10 mM 0.1045 mL 0.5224 mL 1.0448 mL 2.0896 mL 2.612 mL
    50 mM 0.0209 mL 0.1045 mL 0.209 mL 0.4179 mL 0.5224 mL
    100 mM 0.0104 mL 0.0522 mL 0.1045 mL 0.209 mL 0.2612 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Protocol
    Cell Research:
    Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2005 Apr;40(4):332-6.
    Ginsenoside-Ro enhances cell proliferation and modulates Th1/Th2 cytokines production in murine splenocytes.[Pubmed: 16011261]
    To study the effects of ginsenoside-Ro on cell proliferation and cytokine production in murine splenocytes.
    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    The effect of ginsenoside-Ro on murine splenocytes proliferation was studied using [3H] thymidine incorporation assay. Effects of ginsenoside-Ro on the production of cytokines interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) from murine splenocytes were detected by ELISA method. Effects of ginsenoside-Ro on mRNA level of Th1 cytokine IFN-gamma and Th2 cytokine IL-4 were evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Ginsenoside-Ro showed no mitogenic effect on unstimulated murine splenocytes. It enhanced the proliferation of Con A-induced murine splenocytes and the production of IL-2 at concentrations of 1-10 micromol x L(-1). Moreover, ginsenoside-Ro increased the production and expression of Th2 cytokine IL-4 and decreased the production and expression of Th1 cytokine IFN-gamma in Con A-induced murine splenocytes at concentrations of 2-10 micromol x L(-1).
    CONCLUSIONS:
    Ginsenoside-Ro showed immunomodulatory effects by regulating the production and expression of Th1/Th2 cytokines in murine splenocytes.
    Animal Research:
    Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, 2015, 13(4):283-9.
    Ginsenoside Ro suppresses interleukin-1β-induced apoptosis and inflammation in rat chondrocytes by inhibiting NF-κB.[Pubmed: 25908625]

    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    This study investigated effects of Ginsenoside Ro (Ro) on interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-induced apoptosis and inflammation in rat chondrocytes. The rat chondrocytes were co-treated with IL-1β (10 ng·kg(-1)) and Ro (50, 100 and 200 μmol·L(-1)) for 48 h. Chondrocytes viability was detected by the MTT assay and Annexin V-FITC/PI dual staining assay. Caspase 3 activity was measured by using caspase 3 colorimetric assay kit. Apoptosis related proteins Bax, Bad, Bcl-xL, PCNA, p53 and phospho-p53, along with inflammation related protein MMP 3, MMP 9 and COX-2, and the expression of phospho-NF-κB p65 were assayed by western blotting analyses. Ro could improve IL-1β-induced chondrocytes viability. Ro could suppress IL-1β-induced apoptosis by inhibiting levels of Bax and Bad, decreasing p53 phosphorylation and promoting the expression of Bcl-xL and PCNA. Ro inhibited caspase 3 activity. IL-1β-induced inflammation and matrix degration were also alleviated by Ro with down-regulating the expression of MMP 3, MMP 9 and COX-2. Moreover, Ro inhibited NF-κB p65 phosphorylation induced by IL-1β.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    In conclusion, these results suggested Ro exerted anti-apoptosis and anti-inflammation in IL-1β-induced rat chondrocytes, which might be related to NF-κB signal pathway. Therefore, we propose that Ro might be a potential novel drug for the treatment of osteoarthritis.
    Phytother Res. 2012 Jan;26(1):48-53.
    Effects of ginseng rhizome and ginsenoside Ro on testosterone 5α-reductase and hair re-growth in testosterone-treated mice.[Pubmed: 21538628]

    METHODS AND RESULTS:
    This research program on the novel functions of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer focused on the effects of ginseng rhizome on hair re-growth in androgenetic alopecia. Extracts of red ginseng rhizome showed greater dose-dependent inhibitory effects against testosterone 5α-reductase (5αR) when compared with extracts of the main root. Ginsenoside Ro, the predominant ginsenoside in the rhizome, and ginsenoside Rg(3), a unique ginsenoside in red ginseng, showed inhibitory activity against 5αR with IC(50) values of 259.4 and 86.1 μm, respectively. The rhizome of P. japonicus, which contains larger amounts of Ginsenoside Ro, also inhibited 5αR. Topical administration of extracts of red ginseng rhizomes (2 mg/mouse) and Ginsenoside Ro (0.2 mg/mouse) to shaved skin inhibited hair re-growth suppression after shaving in the testosterone-treated C57BL/6 mice.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    These results suggest that red ginseng rhizomes containing both oleanane- and dammarane-type ginsenosides are a promising raw material for cosmetic use. This is the first report that Ginsenoside Ro enhances in vivo hair re-growth based on their inhibitory activity against 5αR in the androgenetic alopecia model.