|Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006 Oct;54(10):1370-9. |
|Studies on Nepalese crude drugs. XXIX. Chemical constituents of Dronapuspi, the whole herb of Leucas cephalotes SPRENG.[Pubmed: 17015972]|
METHODS AND RESULTS:
From the whole herb of Leucas cephalotes SPRENG., new labdane-, norlabdane- and abietane-type diterpenes named leucasdins A (1), B (2) and C (3), respectively, and two protostane-type triterpenes named leucastrins A (4) and B (5) were isolated, together with a known triterpene, oleanolic acid, five sterols, 7-oxositosterol, 7-oxostigmasterol, 7alpha-hydroxysitosterol, 7alpha-hydroxystigmasterol and stigmasterol, and eight flavones, 5-hydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone, pillion, gonzalitosin I, tricin, cosmosin, apigenin 7-O-beta-D-(6-O-p-coumaroyl)glucopyranoside, Anisofolin A and luteolin 4'-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside.
The structures of 1--5 were determined as (3S,6R,8R,9R,13S,16S)-9,13,15,16-bisepoxy-3,16-diacetoxy-6-formyloxylabdane, (3S,6R)-3-acetoxy-6-formyloxy-iso-ambreinolide, (4R,9S,12R,13R)-12,13-dihydroxyabiet-7-en-18-oic acid, (3S,17S,20S,24S)-3,20-dihydroxy-24-methylprotost-25-en, and (3S,17S,20S,24S)-3,20,24-trihydroxyprotost-25-en respectively, based on spectral and chemical data.