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    CAS No. 15121-94-5 Price $318 / 10mg
    Catalog No.CFN90588Purity>=98%
    Molecular Weight208.26Type of CompoundQuinones
    FormulaC12H16O3Physical DescriptionOil
    Download     COA    MSDSSimilar structuralComparison (Web)
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    Our products had been exported to the following research institutions and universities, And still growing.
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    Biological Activity
    Description: Primin has antimycobacterial, and strong antineoplastic actions. Primin has potent activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC50 0.144 microM) and Leishmania donovani (IC50 0.711 microM), and low cytotoxicity (IC50 15.4 microM) on mammalian cells; it could serve as a lead compound for the rational design of more potent and less toxic antiprotozoal agents.
    Targets: Antifection
    In vitro:
    Chem Biodivers. 2006 Nov;3(11):1230-7.
    Antituberculotic and antiprotozoal activities of primin, a natural benzoquinone: in vitro and in vivo studies.[Pubmed: 17193236]
    Primin (=2-methoxy-6-pentylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione), a natural benzoquinone synthesized in our laboratory, was investigated for its in vitro antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial, and cytotoxic potential.
    Primin showed very potent activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC50 0.144 microM) and Leishmania donovani (IC50 0.711 microM), and revealed low cytotoxicity (IC50 15.4 microM) on mammalian cells. Only moderate inhibitory activity was observed against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Trypanosoma cruzi, and Plasmodium falciparum. When tested for in vivo efficacy in a Trypanosoma b. brucei rodent model, Primin failed to cure the infection at 20 mg/kg given intraperitoneally. Primin was too toxic in vivo at a higher concentration (30 mg/kg, injected i.p. route) in mice infected with L. donovani.
    Taken together, Primin can serve as a lead compound for the rational design of more potent and less toxic antiprotozoal agents.
    In vivo:
    Rev Inst Antibiot (Recife). 1974 Dec;14(1-2):9-16.
    First observations on the topical use of Primin, Plumbagin and Maytenin in patients with skin cancer.[Pubmed: 4620478]
    Eleven cases of patients bearing basic cellular carcinoma, and one case of patient bearing Kaposi's sarcomatosis, all treated with antibiotics isolated by Goncalves de Lima and Co-workers at the Instituto de Antibióticos, are presented by the authors.
    Primin, an antibiotic extracted from a vegetal named Miconia sp. (Herb. I.A.-1903) with a 2-metoxi-6-n-pentil-p benzoquinone structure, presented a strong antineoplastic action in the cases treated. Plumbagin isolated from Plumbago scandens in local use, was responsible for a complete healing of the injuries treated. Maytenin extracted from Maytenus sp. (Herb. I.A.-1750) showed less activity than the two previous mentioned, but with a low irritant action and late antineoplastic properties. The authors are going on these experiments.
    They believe that these antibodies, in local use, may advantageously substitute the surgery and the radiotherapy, meanly in those external ear tumidities and back of the nose, owing to a hurtful action in cartilage, provoked by radiotherapy.
    Primin Description
    Source: The fruits of Vaccinium Spp.
    Solvent: Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.
    Storage: Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).

    Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.

    Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: service@chemfaces.com

    After receiving: The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.
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    Recently, ChemFaces products have been cited in many studies from excellent and top scientific journals

    Cell. 2018 Jan 11;172(1-2):249-261.e12.
    doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.12.019.

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    Calculate Dilution Ratios(Only for Reference)
    1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
    1 mM 4.8017 mL 24.0085 mL 48.0169 mL 96.0338 mL 120.0423 mL
    5 mM 0.9603 mL 4.8017 mL 9.6034 mL 19.2068 mL 24.0085 mL
    10 mM 0.4802 mL 2.4008 mL 4.8017 mL 9.6034 mL 12.0042 mL
    50 mM 0.096 mL 0.4802 mL 0.9603 mL 1.9207 mL 2.4008 mL
    100 mM 0.048 mL 0.2401 mL 0.4802 mL 0.9603 mL 1.2004 mL
    * Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's need to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data of the sheet for your reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.
    Structure Identification:
    Med Chem. 2007 Jul;3(4):369-72.
    Synthesis and antitumour activity of the Primin (2-methoxy-6-n-pentyl-1,4-benzoquinone) and analogues.[Pubmed: 17627574]
    Cancer is a serious worldwide health threat, killing almost seven million people per year. Quinones are an important class of antitumour agents that are activated by tumour hypoxia. Primin (2-methoxy-6-n-pentyl-1,4-benzo-quinone), a naturally-occurring product obtained from Primula obconica (Primulaceae) has shown antimicrobial and antitumour properties.
    The synthesis of the Primin to obtain 3-, 5- or 6-alkyl substituted derivatives has been previously attempted seeking antitumour activity. The intermediate reaction products, 2-methoxy-hydroquinone-di-(2'-tetrahydro-pyranyl) ether and 2-methoxy-6-n-pentyl-hydroquinone-di-(2'-tetrahydropyranyl) ether were obtained and evaluated against sarcoma 180 (S-180) and Ehrlich carcinoma, as well as toxicity tests were performed. The antitumour activity tests showed that these intermediate compounds were able to inhibit S-180 sarcoma and Ehrlich carcinoma growth in mice.
    These results indicated that the tetrahydropyranyl protect group conserved the antitumour activity in comparison with quinone group, however, it exhibited a less toxic effect, with no characteristic of quinones. These results can suggest that compound 2-methoxy-6-n-pentyl-hydroquinone-di-(2'-tetrahydropyranyl) ether may act as a prodrug with some advantages in comparison with the Primin.