|Source:||The seeds of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.|
|Biological Activity or Inhibitors:||1. Schizandrin C could be used as a natural anti-neuroinflammatory agent, inducing phase II detoxifying/antioxidant enzymes via cAMP/PKA/CREB and Nrf-2 signaling.
2. Schizandrin C induced G1 arrest was correlated with down-regulation of cyclin D1, cyclin E, cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 4 and E2Fs expression, inhibition of phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRB), and up-regulation of the Cdk inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1).
3. Schizandrin C induced apoptosis was associated with down-regulation of expression of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, proteolytic activation of caspase-3 and -9, and a concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP).
4. Schizandrin C reduces liver impairment in acute and chronic liver diseases.
|Solvent:||Chloroform, Dichloromethane, Ethyl Acetate, DMSO, Acetone, etc.|
|Storage:||Providing storage is as stated on the product vial and the vial is kept tightly sealed, the product can be stored for up to 24 months(2-8C).
Wherever possible, you should prepare and use solutions on the same day. However, if you need to make up stock solutions in advance, we recommend that you store the solution as aliquots in tightly sealed vials at -20C. Generally, these will be useable for up to two weeks. Before use, and prior to opening the vial we recommend that you allow your product to equilibrate to room temperature for at least 1 hour.
Need more advice on solubility, usage and handling? Please email to: email@example.com
|After receiving:||The packaging of the product may have turned upside down during transportation, resulting in the natural compounds adhering to the neck or cap of the vial. take the vial out of its packaging and gently shake to let the compounds fall to the bottom of the vial. for liquid products, centrifuge at 200-500 RPM to gather the liquid at the bottom of the vial. try to avoid loss or contamination during handling.|
|1 mg||5 mg||10 mg||20 mg||25 mg|
|1 mM||2.6013 mL||13.0066 mL||26.0132 mL||52.0264 mL||65.033 mL|
|5 mM||0.5203 mL||2.6013 mL||5.2026 mL||10.4053 mL||13.0066 mL|
|10 mM||0.2601 mL||1.3007 mL||2.6013 mL||5.2026 mL||6.5033 mL|
|50 mM||0.052 mL||0.2601 mL||0.5203 mL||1.0405 mL||1.3007 mL|
|100 mM||0.026 mL||0.1301 mL||0.2601 mL||0.5203 mL||0.6503 mL|
Int Immunopharmacol. 2013 Oct;17(2):415-26.
|Schisandrin C exerts anti-neuroinflammatory effects by upregulating phase II detoxifying/antioxidant enzymes in microglia.[Pubmed: 23859871]|
|We investigated the anti-neuroinflammatory properties of Schisandrin C by focusing on its roles in the induction of phase II detoxifying/antioxidant enzymes and in the modulation of upstream signaling pathways. Schisandrin C induced expression of phase II detoxifying/antioxidant enzymes including heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NADPH dehydrogenase quinone-1 (NQO-1). Activation of upstream signaling pathways, such as the cAMP/protein kinase A/cAMP response element-binding protein (cAMP/PKA/CREB) and erythroid-specific nuclear factor-regulated factor 2 (Nrf-2) pathways, significantly increased following treatment with Schisandrin C. In addition, expressions of Schisandrin C-mediated phase II detoxifying/antioxidant enzymes were completely attenuated by adenylyl cyclase inhibitor (ddAdo) and protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor (H-89). In microglia, Schisandrin C significantly inhibited lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-stimulated pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), nitric oxide (NO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) protein expressions. Moreover, Schisandrin C suppressed LTA-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), activator protein-1 (AP-1), janus-kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STATs), and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation. Schisandrin C also effectively suppressed ROS generation and NO production, as well as iNOS promoter activity in LTA-stimulated microglia. This suppressive effect was reversed by transfection with Nrf-2 and HO-1 siRNA and co-treatment with inhibitors ddAdo and H-89. Our results indicate that Schisandrin C isolated from Schisandra chinensis could be used as a natural anti-neuroinflammatory agent, inducing phase II detoxifying/antioxidant enzymes via cAMP/PKA/CREB and Nrf-2 signaling.|
Int J Mol Med. 2009 Oct;24(4):495-502.
|Induction of G1 arrest and apoptosis by schisandrin C isolated from Schizandra chinensis Baill in human leukemia U937 cells.[Pubmed: 19724890]|
|We isolated two phytochemical lignans, schisandrin and schisandrin C, from Schizandra chinensis Baill and investigated their anti-cancer effects in human leukemia U937 cells. Schisandrin C inhibited cell growth in a dose-dependent manner, which was associated with the induction of G1 arrest of the cell cycle and apoptosis; schisandrin did not inhibit growth. Schisandrin C induced G1 arrest was correlated with down-regulation of cyclin D1, cyclin E, cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 4 and E2Fs expression, inhibition of phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRB), and up-regulation of the Cdk inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1). In addition, schisandrin C-induced apoptosis was associated with down-regulation of expression of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, proteolytic activation of caspase-3 and -9, and a concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Furthermore, schisandrin C-induced apoptosis was significantly inhibited by a caspase-3 specific inhibitor z-DEVD-fmk, indicating an important role for caspase-3 in the schisandrin C mechanism. In summary, growth inhibition by schisandrin C is related to cell cycle arrest at G1 and induction of caspase-3-dependent apoptosis in U937 cells; these findings suggest that schisandrin C may be a useful chemotherapeutic agent.|
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74(2):285-91.
|Anti-inflammatory effects of gomisin N, gomisin J, and schisandrin C isolated from the fruit of Schisandra chinensis.[Pubmed: 20139628]|
|Schiandra chinensis is a well-known Chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of hepatic disease. In this study, we investigated whether the nine major compounds of Schiandra chinensis could be applied to suppress lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in murine macrophages (Raw 264.7 cells). Among the nine lignans, three, gomisin J, gomisin N, and schisandrin C, were found to reduce nitric oxide (NO) production from LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. These three lignans showed low cytotoxic effects in Raw 264.7 cells. Pre-treatment of Raw 264.7 cells with gomisin J, gomisin N, or schisandrin C reduced the expression of mRNA and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These inhibitory effects were found to be caused by blockage of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK 1/2), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation.|
Chin Med J (Engl). 1998 Mar;111(3):248-51.
|Effectiveness of the analogue of natural Schisandrin C (HpPro) in treatment of liver diseases: an experience in Indonesian patients.[Pubmed: 10374427]|
|Controlled study consisted of 20 cases of Child A chronic hepatitis which were randomly treated with either Schisandrin C or a mixture of known drugs which used as a liver protective agent in Indonesia as control for one week. The patients were then crossed over those two drugs in the next week. RESULTS: In the open trial, after 4 weeks' treatment with Schisandrin C 7.5 mg orally three times daily, acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis and fatty liver cases showed rapid decrease of SGOT and SGPT. In the liver cirrhosis cases, SGOT and SGPT were decreased slowly. In the controlled trial, nine patients received Schisandrin C 7.5 mg three times daily orally and eleven were treated with a mixture of known drugs as the controls. After one week treatment, Schisandrin C group clinically showed significant decrease of SGPT and SGOT levels compared to control group (P = 0.035). At the second week, Schisandrin C group showed significant decrease of SGOT compared to control group (P = 0.038) but the decrease of SGPT was not significant (P = 0.096). CONCLUSION: Treatment with Schisandrin C is effective to reduce liver impairment in acute and chronic liver diseases on Indonesian patients. No side effect of Schisandrin C was observed.|